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'Bottleneck vacancies’ refers to vacancies for occupations which are considered to be in short supply. They are found not only in high-skilled occupations, such as IT, scientific, engineering or medical professionals, but also in skilled and low-skilled manual occupations. The first mainly arise from skills deficits, but the latter are more due to recruitment and retention problems related to working conditions and pay. The study compares shortage and surplus occupations, based on data from the Public Employment Services of the EU, Norway and Iceland, and the Labour Force Survey.
Te smernice so bile pripravljene za preprečevanje tveganja za mala ribiška plovila in njihove posadke, da se lahko po plovbi varno vrnejo v pristanišče. Približno 80 % celotne ribiške flote EU so mala ribiška plovila, število smrtnih žrtev, poškodb in izgubljenih plovil pa je nesprejemljivo visoko, zato so te smernice ključne pri preprečevanju tveganj in zaščiti širših ribiških skupnosti. Smernice so razdeljene na module, ki se osredotočajo na ključna področja, in sicer plovilo, posadko, ribolovne dejavnosti, resnične dogodke, oceno tveganja in dodatne informacije, kot so plavajoči pripomočki, stabilnost, prva pomoč, delovna oprema in vaje za primer izrednih dogodkov. Z glosarjem, slikami, fotografijami in grafičnimi prikazi so izpostavljene pomembne točke, zaradi česar so smernice koristen in uporaben priročnik.
EU action in employment, social affairs and inclusion touches all citizens in their everyday lives: helping new entrepreneurs, supporting young people to find a job, making sure you enjoy free emergency healthcare while abroad, and much more. Read how Nina, Tomasz, Jeanne and Daniel benefited from EU support and see which opportunities are open to you.
This publication will be available in all EU languages in print and online
Social enterprises are long-standing agents of inclusive growth and democratisation of the economic and social spheres, and they have proved resilient to economic adversity all the while addressing socio-economic challenges in innovative ways, re-integrating people back to the labour market, and contributing to overall social cohesion. This compendium derives policy lessons for boosting social enterprises from the analysis of 20 initiatives in several EU member-countries, covering a range of policy areas from legal frameworks, finance, market access, and support structures, to education and skills.
This publication is only available in electronic format in English. German and French versions will follow.
This paper analyses the individual and socio-demographic factors behind the low employment rate of refugees compared to individuals born in the EU but also compared to other migrants. It complements the 2016 Employment and Social Developments Review where a chapter was dedicated to the labour market and social integration of refugees in the EU.