Catalog N. : KE-EW-15-002-EN-N
During the aftermath of the financial crisis, certain paradoxical trends have emerged in Europe. Firstly, despite the context of economic adjustment and restructuring, the employment rate of older workers has increased in most countries, and secondly, saving rates have remained remarkably resilient to the interest rate squeeze pursued by central banks as an economic stimulus. The question arises, whether lower interest rates effectively discourage or rather encourage saving among older workers, or even constitute an incentive to work longer, in case their saving strategy aims at maintaining a standard of living after retirement. The working paper adresses this issue through a model based approach.
Catalog N. : KE-EW-15-001-EN-N
The paper provides a comparative analysis on human resources trends and their implications for employment and economic growth at global scale. Taking stock of specific population characteristics, it focuses on the inescapable challenge of workforce shrinking and its policy implications. The analysis concludes that productivity growth will progressively become the only way to sustain economic growth not only in the EU and several other industrialised regions but also in some of the emerging economies. It also reveals a growing north-south imbalance in terms of labour reserves. While the 2013 publication looked at human resources constrains within the EU, this paper extends to the global context, comparing the EU to other global players.
Catalog N. : KE-BD-13-001-EN-C
This year’s ESDE report offers an in-depth and wide-ranging review of key labour market and social challenges facing the EU as it slowly emerges from recession. Where will Europe’s new jobs come from in an increasingly competitive global economy? Will active inclusion policies support help address rising levels of poverty among those of working age? Will the improvement in the position of women on the labour market during the crisis be sustained or slip away with the recovery? Is the divisive issue of undeclared work being effectively addressed? Will all Member States progress equally, or do the weakest risk falling further behind? Have national social security systems been effective and efficient in maintaining incomes during the recession and in addressing their longer-term goals? Do we need to adapt the ways we measure economic and social progress in order to take proper account of inequalities? The report will be available in printed and electronic format in English. All the graphs and tables can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters.
Table of contents
Catalog N. : KE-BH-13-003-EN-N
According this edition of the EU Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review, labour market and social challenges have been growing over recent months, as the EU is still faced with ever higher unemployment and the lowest employment figures since the onset of the crisis.
The employment and social situation in the EU remained critical in the first quarter of 2013 with employment receding overall and unemployment rising further, trends which concentrate in the southern members of the euro area. The situation of many households, and of young people in particular, remains serious. Nearly a quarter of economically active young people in the EU are unemployed. The sharp fall in young people's employment in some countries partly reflects differences in labour market structures, and in particular the role of temporary contracts. In the context of divergence across the EU, the number of people wanting to move to another country has substantially increased. The Review also notes the importance of quality childcare in mitigating inequalities at an early stage and explores the results of the first wave of the European Central Bank's Household Finance and Consumption Survey. Recent developments in the financial and insurance activities sector, as well as in Slovenia and Croatia, are also analysed in this edition.
This publication is available in electronic format in English.
Catalog N. : KE-EW-13-001-EN-N
The first working paper in the 2013 series reviews social protection expenditure developments in the crisis, focusing on expenditure trends in volumes following the peak of the crisis (2009), on changes in the distribution of incomes and, notably, on the distributional impact of austerity packages. The topics discussed relate to the March 2013 edition of the EU Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review. This Working paper is available in electronic format in English.
Catalog N. : KE-BH-13-0S2-EN-N
Catalog N. : KE-BH-13-002-EN-N
According to the EU Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review, divergence continues to increase across Member States, translating into persistently growing labour market and social challenges, marked by ever higher unemployment at EU level and a deterioration of the situation of many households, and of young people in particular. Employment has been trending down again since mid-2011, with positive developments only noticeable in part-time work. Unemployment rose further in January 2013, to 26.2 million in the EU, accounting for 10.8 % of the active population, and concerns nearly one in four economically active young people.
This edition highlights the effects recent government spending cuts have had on the employment and social situation in a number of Member States, the diversity in terms of labour market matching and recent trends in posting of workers across the EU. This edition also analyses the specific situation in Bulgaria and in the sectors of manufacture of basic metals and motor vehicles. It finally dedicates a Special Supplement to the analysis of recent demographic trends in the European Union.
This publication is available in electronic format in English.
Catalog N. : KE-BH-13-001-EN-C
According this edition of the EU Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review difficulties on the labour markets remain persistent in a context of economic stagnation. They are marked by ever higher unemployment at EU level (10.7% in November 2012) and rising divergence across Member States, while the number of people at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU now accounts for nearly one-fourth of the EU population.
The share of the EU population reporting their households are experiencing financial distress has risen sharply in recent months, while living standards and the perceived quality of life have declined with the crisis. On the positive side, the unadjusted gender pay gap in the EU declined between 2008 and 2010.
Catalog N. : KE-BD-12-001-EN-C
DG Employment builds on the first Employment and Social Developments in Europe (ESDE) Review in this second edition, by conducting an analysis of the economic and social situation in the EU. Following a year which has seen several Member States witnessing escalating debt crises, public spending is decreasing. With different parts of the EU seeing different social and employment trends, finding the right policy responses in certain key areas is crucial. Long-term employment exclusion, its impact on the labour market and the broader social dimension, is considered in this context. The functioning and efficiency of various social protection systems is also examined, with a particular focus on the effect of distributional and design aspects. Finally, the Review looks at the impact of wage developments and the problem of skill mismatches as well, concluding a fair and equitable structural adjustment agenda is needed. This publication will be available in printed format in English. All the graphs and tables included in this report can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters.
Catalog N. : KE-BD-11-001-EN-C
The economic, financial and sovereign debt crises and subsequent austerity measures underline the need for a more integrated approach to employment and social policy. This review merges two previous European Commission reports on these areas. It begins with an overview of the current European employment and social situation before looking at recent shifts in Europe's job structure and in income inequality. The review then examines patterns of poverty and social exclusion in Europe and the phenomenon of in-work poverty. Issues of active ageing, intra-EU labour mobility and the impact of enlargement are also covered. The review is available in English only.
All the graphs and tables included in this report can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters here.