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The inactive population is not a traditional target group for the Public Employment Services (PES), although a significant share of it wants to work and is potentially available for work. The study surveys existing policy regimes and outreach measures for three target groups among the inactive that are central to current policy discussions on increasing labour force participation and social inclusion: 1) Inactive older workers; 2) Working-age women not in the labour force; and 3) Ethnic minorities and migrants. It also depicts in more detail six case studies from Austria, Germany, The Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and Sweden.
Things are moving fast as employment and social affairs make up a decisive part of the roadmap to a more united and democratic EU by June 2019, announced by European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker in September 2017: the Commission proposals to make it happen must be on the table of the European Parliament and Council by May 2018 at the latest.
We explain how the European Pillar of Social Rights, proclaimed by EU leaders last November, serves as a framework for preparing them and is strengthening the social dimension of EU economic governance.
We also review proposals for an EU framework to raise the quality of apprenticeships, report on evidence of an urgent need to take on intergenerational inequality and show how social innovation is a must to ensure sustainable economic growth.
How big is undeclared work in the EU? According to this study, more than 11% of work in the private sector is 'under the table'. However, there are big differences between EU countries, with Poland, Romania and Lithuania having the highest levels of undeclared work, while Germany and the Netherlands have low shares. The study analyses the reasons for this and examines the types of employments where undeclared work is more frequent.
This publication presents statistics on labour market policy (LMP) interventions implemented by EU Member States and Norway in 2015, together with time-series for key variables covering the period 2002-2015.
Labour market policies are financial and practical policies that can help people in disadvantaged groups in the labour market move from inactivity and unemployment into employment or find better fitting jobs. They are varied and include job searching mechanisms, activation interventions and income supports (unemployment benefits). A set of these policies are grouped together as "measures" or activation policies and include training, employment incentives, supported employment and rehabilitation, direct job creation, start-up incentives. The publication provides data on expenditure and participants in the different types of LMP intervention in 29 countries (EU Member States plus Norway) as well as related indicators that are used for monitoring the Employment Guidelines.
The Policy Brief on Women’s Entrepreneurship explores the gender gap in entrepreneurship, the differences between male- and female-owned businesses, and the unique challenges that female entrepreneurs face when it comes to starting a business.