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The Policy Brief on Women’s Entrepreneurship explores the gender gap in entrepreneurship, the differences between male- and female-owned businesses, and the unique challenges that female entrepreneurs face when it comes to starting a business.
The Missing Entrepreneurs 2017 is the fourth edition in a series of publications that examine how public policies at national, regional and local levels can support job creation, economic growth and social inclusion by overcoming obstacles to business start-ups and self-employment by people from disadvantaged or under-represented groups in entrepreneurship. It shows that there is substantial potential to combat unemployment and increase labour market participation by facilitating business creation in populations such as women, youth, the unemployed, and migrants. However, the specific problems they face need to be recognised and addressed with effective and efficient policy measures.
This paper focuses on how national PES can facilitate labour market transitions for those people in new atypical forms of work (such as jobs in the "gig" economy). Based on the responses of national PES the paper looks at the availability of training, course curricula, client profiles, skill needs identification and the use of technology in both the promotion and delivery of training. PES responses indicate that the necessary adaptations to the traditional PES model have not yet been introduced by most PES. The paper concludes with good practices to facilitate adaptation to the new world of work. They include more flexible availability of training; more broad-based course curricula; a more heterogeneous client profile; the identification of skills needs and the use of technology to deliver flexible training remotely.
Ahead of the next European Vocational Skills Week (20-24 November), European Commissioner Marianne Thyssen highlights the strategic importance of vocational education, training and skills in addressing today's Europe-wide challenges. In addition to a special feature on skills, a special snapshot presents three options for Europe’s social policy in the run up to 2025 that are open to discussion across Europe. There is a focus on new forms of work too, looking at steps that are being considered to help ensure all workers, including people in new forms of employment, have access to social protection and public employment services and that everybody benefits from proper work contracts. A feature on Greece reviews what the European Social Fund is doing to help the country launch a minimum income scheme
PES support for start-ups – what is effective?
A September 2017 study presents the lessons learnt from the vast PES experience in offering start-up support to jobseekers who want to become self-employed or start their own business. It provides a basis for PES needing to navigate the increasingly globalised and digitalised world of self-employment, and effectively guide jobseekers wishing to embark on such an experience.
If well-designed and targeted, start-up incentives and support have proven effective in bringing unemployed back to the labour market. In the longer term, there is even a job-creation effect.
Well-designed start-up support requires specialist trainers and advisers. It is also recommended to offer a mix of support measures, including appropriate benefits, access to capital, training, counselling and guidance.