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The annual Employment and Social Developments in Europe review (ESDE) analyses key employment and social issues for the European Union and its Member States. This year's edition focuses on the changing world of work and its employment and social implications.
In a context of a shrinking working-age population in the EU, technological innovations that increase productivity become ever more crucial, but they also change the organization of production of goods and services and the world of work. Automation entails capital deepening, especially in the manufacturing sector and for low-skill tasks and routine activities. Other innovative technologies enable the emergence of new non-standard forms of work which allow more flexible re-organization of working time and space. Both capital deepening and new forms of work raise concerns about a possible decrease in standard, socially insured full-time employment, about potential job losses and decreasing job quality. Income inequalities and the gender pay gap are impacted as well and could amplify due to these trends. Atypical work also challenges the organization and financing of social protection mechanisms and the traditional way of representing worker and employer interests in the context of social dialogue.
However, the changing relationship between labour and capital brings about many new opportunities: innovative technologies increase productivity, create new jobs, facilitate inclusiveness on the labour market, and allow for a better work-life balance. Investments in education and the promotion of skills are key to reaping the benefits and lowering the risks from technological developments. As human and physical capital are complementary, policies which leverage the strong inter-generational effect of individuals' socio-economic background on their skills and labour market performance are of critical importance. Also, traditional distinctions made by the social protection systems need to be rethought in order to provide inclusive protection. Social partners are adapting to the developments in the labour market and could play a positive role in adjusting the existing legal framework to the new forms of work, including by managing the increased flexibility of working time and space in atypical work. The European Pillar of Social Rights provides a useful framework for adapting labour market and social systems to the new world of work to the benefit of the entire EU population.
This annual thematic report of the European Platform for Investing in Children provides a snapshot of recent changes and new developments in the area of child and family policies across the EU in 2017.
The report focuses on the situation of vulnerable children (migrant children, children residing in institutions, etc.) and on the key aspects related to socio-economic disadvantage. It highlights the proclamation of the European Pillar of Social Rights as the most significant change in child and family policy in 2017.
Labour market policy (LMP ) statistics are one of the data sources for monitoring the Employment Guidelines. The guidelines specifically refer to the provision of active labour market policies, which cover LMP measures and LMP services, and adequate social security systems, which include LMP support.
A comprehensive methodology defines the scope of the LMP data collection, the statistical unit and coverage, describes the classification system of LMP interventions, and gives precise guidelines on the data to be provided. This publication presents the LMP Methodology 2018, which incorporates a number of changes approved by the LMP Task Force and Expert Group.
This paper is prepared in the framework of the project “Support for developing better country knowledge on public administration and institutional capacity building” - EUPACK. The project aims to ensure consistent and coherent knowledge on the characteristics of public administrations across all EU Member States; to deepen the understanding of public administration functioning based on common approach and methodology, and capture of reform initiatives and dynamics; to understand the role of external (EU funded) support to administrative reform process. This paper gives:
- an assessment of previous and current on the measurement of Public Administration
- an agenda for future measurement efforts
This study has been carried out between September 2015 and June 2018 under the title “Support for developing better country knowledge on public administration and institutional capacity building” - EUPACK. The EUPACK project aimed to help the Commission develop consistent and coherent knowledge on the characteristics of public administrations across all EU Member States; deepen the understanding of public administration functioning based on common approach and methodology, and capture of reform initiatives and dynamics; understand the role of external (EU funded) support to administrative reform process.
The current introduction outlines the approach taken to explore the characteristics of public administrations in the EU Member States. It is followed by country chapter for each EU Member State. A separate report called "A comparative overview of public administration characteristics and performance in the EU28" presents the synthesis overview.
This policy memo provides a brief overview of national and school-level approaches to the inclusion of unaccompanied migrant children in formal education systems across EU countries. The memo also discusses wider policy responses to the integration of these children into the host societies.
The European Platform for Investing in Children (EPIC) is an evidence-based online platform that provides information about policies that can help children and their families face the challenges that exist in the current economic climate in Europe.