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The Missing Entrepreneurs 2017 is the fourth edition in a series of publications that examine how public policies at national, regional and local levels can support job creation, economic growth and social inclusion by overcoming obstacles to business start-ups and self-employment by people from disadvantaged or under-represented groups in entrepreneurship. It shows that there is substantial potential to combat unemployment and increase labour market participation by facilitating business creation in populations such as women, youth, the unemployed, and migrants. However, the specific problems they face need to be recognised and addressed with effective and efficient policy measures.
This paper focuses on how national PES can facilitate labour market transitions for those people in new atypical forms of work (such as jobs in the "gig" economy). Based on the responses of national PES the paper looks at the availability of training, course curricula, client profiles, skill needs identification and the use of technology in both the promotion and delivery of training. PES responses indicate that the necessary adaptations to the traditional PES model have not yet been introduced by most PES. The paper concludes with good practices to facilitate adaptation to the new world of work. They include more flexible availability of training; more broad-based course curricula; a more heterogeneous client profile; the identification of skills needs and the use of technology to deliver flexible training remotely.
A l'approche de la prochaine Semaine européenne des compétences professionnelles (20-24 novembre), la commissaire européenne Marianne Thyssen souligne l’importance stratégique de l'enseignement et la formation professionnels et des compétences pour relever les défis actuels de l’Europe. Outre un dossier spécial sur les compétences, ce numéro présente trois options pour la politique sociale de l’Europe à l’horizon 2025 qui font actuellement l'objet d'un débat dans toute l’Union. Il comprend aussi un article sur les nouvelles formes de travail et sur les mesures qui sont envisagées pour garantir que tous les travailleurs aient accès la protection sociale et aux services publics de l’emploi, et que tout le monde puisse bénéficier de contrats de travail appropriés. Un article sur la Grèce analyse l'action du Fonds social européen pour aider le pays à mettre en place un régime de revenu minimum.
PES support for start-ups – what is effective?
A September 2017 study presents the lessons learnt from the vast PES experience in offering start-up support to jobseekers who want to become self-employed or start their own business. It provides a basis for PES needing to navigate the increasingly globalised and digitalised world of self-employment, and effectively guide jobseekers wishing to embark on such an experience.
If well-designed and targeted, start-up incentives and support have proven effective in bringing unemployed back to the labour market. In the longer term, there is even a job-creation effect.
Well-designed start-up support requires specialist trainers and advisers. It is also recommended to offer a mix of support measures, including appropriate benefits, access to capital, training, counselling and guidance.
This seventh edition of the annual Employment and Social Developments in Europe (ESDE) Review presents a detailed analysis of key employment and social issues and concerns for the European Union and its Member States as they pursue the EU 2020 employment and social goals.
It feeds into the European Semester and the 2017 flagship initiative of the European Pillar of Social Rights. The main findings of ESDE 2017 corroborate the rationale and the objectives of follow-up initiatives of the Pillar, such as the proposal for a ‘New Start Initiative to support work-life balance for parents and carers’ and the social partner consultations on Access to Social Protection and the revision of the ‘Written Statement Directive’.
As in previous years, the opening section of the ESDE review provides an overview of the most recent developments, trends and challenges in the employment and social fields. This year's edition focuses on the topic of "intergenerational fairness and solidarity in Europe".