This policy brief was produced by the OECD and the European Commission to explore barriers in access to finance by social groups who are disadvantaged or under-represented in entrepreneurship and to describe policies which can address these barriers. It presents data on the extent to which entrepreneurs from disadvantaged groups obtain external finance. It then sets out the traditional policy instruments of grants and soft loans together with newer and emerging policies such as loan guarantees, microcredit, crowdfunding, business angels and Islamic finance. In addition to supply-side instruments, the role of financial education is also explained. Finally, the brief gives a number of examples of policy approaches that have been successful in European Union Member States. This brochure is available online in English, German and French.
Entrepreneurship development is an important requirement for achieving of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. It is also a means to respond to new economic challenges, to create jobs and to fight social and financial exclusion. The impact of the global financial and economic crisis calls for giving entrepreneurship and self-employment a stronger role in economic and social development policies. This book collects and synthesizes information and data on entrepreneurship activities in Europe, focusing on people that are at the greatest risk of social exclusion. These groups include young people, older people, women, ethnic minorities and migrants, people with disabilities and the unemployed.
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The OECD and the European Commission have produced a new brief on evaluating policy actions for inclusive entrepreneurship. The brief covers the reasons for evaluating inclusive entrepreneurship policy, how evaluation fits into the policy cycle, and relevant tools to use in evaluation. The brief gives examples of real evaluations, showing how information was obtained and what conclusions could be drawn.
This brochure is available online in English, German and French.
This paper considers the impact of social entrepreneurship in European communities, finding that working with such enterprises and helping them develop can result in widespread gains for public budgets. Starting and running such a business can pose a number of problems though, as it must not only overcome entrepreneurial challenges, but also those that arise from the social dimension. The report concludes that promoting policies that create a favourable environment for such entrepreneurs, is crucial for them to fulfil their potential. This brochure is available online in English, German and French.
As the population in the EU continues to age, counteracting the resulting demographic forces is becoming increasingly important. Helping these people remain economically active has the potential to have important economic and social benefits, not only for the target group, but for society on the whole. The European Commission and OECD have joined forces to produce a brochure, which emphasises the importance of a shift in entrepreneurship policy within this demographic, to encourage it to become more active. In this context, it examines a range of different initiatives and schemes that could be implemented to promote business start-ups by older people.This brochure will be available online in English, German and French.
The OECD and European Commission have produced a new policy brief on youth entrepreneurship. It covers the scale of self-employment
and entrepreneurship activities undertaken by young people, including by gender, education level, industry sector, country and sub-national
geographic areas, as well as the drivers for and barriers to youth entrepreneurship and self-employment. The policy brief also presents policy lessons from evidence on entrepreneurship activities and policy experience.
This publication is available online only in English, French and German.