Preserving Europe’s competitiveness in a way that respects social cohesion and creates new, sustainable jobs will be crucial to the future. The report ‘Restructuring in Europe’ describes the actions developed by the Commission to support employers and employees alike adapt to the rapidly changing business environment to sustain a high level of employment while maintaining and reforming social protection. This publication is available online only in English, French and German.
The economic, financial and sovereign debt crises and subsequent austerity measures underline the need for a more integrated approach to employment and social policy. This review merges two previous European Commission reports on these areas. It begins with an overview of the current European employment and social situation before looking at recent shifts in Europe's job structure and in income inequality. The review then examines patterns of poverty and social exclusion in Europe and the phenomenon of in-work poverty. Issues of active ageing, intra-EU labour mobility and the impact of enlargement are also covered. The review is available in English only.
All the graphs and tables included in this report can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters here.
Economic restructuring requires a flexible workforce with a range of transferable skills. This publication analyses the role of such skills in career pathways and the labour market, and levels of skill transferability across sectors in the current context and during the years leading up to 2020. It also looks at the roles of actors involved in promoting transferability and methods for enhancing job mobility, before making final recommendations. This publication is available in printed format in English, French and German and appendices (EU survey; good practice examples; EU workshops; knowledge and skills’ transferability in 2020; definitions of basic terms; importance of human capital stock during economic recession; methodological background of skills transferability analysis; outputs of skills transferability analysis; extended information on players and tools; extended information on recommendations) can be found only online under the following link: http://ec.europa.eu/social/main.jsp?catId=784&langId=en.
Young people have been hit hard by the economic downturn with the EU youth unemployment rate reaching 20%. This review summarises messages from 33 national articles on this theme, linking them to policy developments, studies and data. It details the European and national contexts before examining measures to promote youth employment. These cover education, training, labour market and benefit policies, as well as measures to address problematic aspects and labour market actors’ roles. Following this, final conclusions are drawn. This publication is available in printed format in English, French and German.