Související publikace

  • 12/02/2018

    Analytical Web Note 1/2018 - The effects of the minimum wage on employment: Evidence from a panel of EU Member States

    This note estimates the employment effects of statutory minimum wages for a panel of EU member states.

  • 12/02/2018

    Employment and Social Development in Europe - Quarterly Review - February 2018

    The first Employment and Social Development in Europe (ESDE) Quarterly Review of 2018 highlights the solid economic growth in the EU combined with a positive economic outlook together with general improvements in the labour market.


    The number of employed in the EU is above 236 million in the third quarter of 2017. At the same time, unemployment is decreasing at a solid pace. Economic growth and positive developments in the labor market are visible in the majority of Member States. The latest forecasts present a positive outlook for the next years.


    Download data and charts:

  • 12/01/2018

    Social Agenda 50 – The new social dimension

    Things are moving fast as employment and social affairs make up a decisive part of the roadmap to a more united and democratic EU by June 2019, announced by European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker in September 2017: the Commission proposals to make it happen must be on the table of the European Parliament and Council by May 2018 at the latest.

    We explain how the European Pillar of Social Rights, proclaimed by EU leaders last November, serves as a framework for preparing them and is strengthening the social dimension of EU economic governance.

    We also review proposals for an EU framework to raise the quality of apprenticeships, report on evidence of an urgent need to take on intergenerational inequality and show how social innovation is a must to ensure sustainable economic growth.

  • 21/12/2017

    An evaluation of the scale of undeclared work in the European Union and its structural determinants

    How big is undeclared work in the EU? According to this study, more than 11% of work in the private sector is 'under the table'. However, there are big differences between EU countries, with Poland, Romania and Lithuania having the highest levels of undeclared work, while Germany and the Netherlands have low shares. The study analyses the reasons for this and examines the types of employments where undeclared work is more frequent.

  • 18/12/2017

    Labour market policy - Expenditure and participants - Data 2015

    This publication presents statistics on labour market policy (LMP) interventions implemented by EU Member States and Norway in 2015, together with time-series for key variables covering the period 2002-2015.

    Labour market policies are financial and practical policies that can help people in disadvantaged groups in the labour market move from inactivity and unemployment into employment or find better fitting jobs. They are varied and include job searching mechanisms, activation interventions and income supports (unemployment benefits). A set of these policies are grouped together as "measures" or activation policies and include training, employment incentives, supported employment and rehabilitation, direct job creation, start-up incentives. The publication provides data on expenditure and participants in the different types of LMP intervention in 29 countries (EU Member States plus Norway) as well as related indicators that are used for monitoring the Employment Guidelines.