The review confirms an increase of the overall employment rate, for both the EU and the euro area – an increase representing 3 million more employed people in the EU than one year before. The overall long-term unemployment rate, at the other hand, decreased by 0.6 pp compared to a year before and stands now at 4.3% of the labour force. This is the largest reduction since the first decline in long-term unemployment observed in 2014. In addition, for the first time since the start of the economic recovery, the number of very long-term unemployed (unemployed over two years) dropped more strongly than the number of people long-term unemployed for less than two years. Finally, this season's edition also shows a continuous improvement and convergence among Member States regarding youth unemployment, which has decreased more strongly in countries most affected by the crisis.
Integrating refugees into EU countries' labour markets is both a challenge and an opportunity. Social Agenda n°44 explains why and highlights the need to accelerate and deepen the integration process. The new sense of urgency brought about by the refugee crisis could bring new light and extra impetus to addressing wider issues such as unemployment, skills matching, a diminishing workforce, poverty, gender inequality and other forms of discrimination. It also takes a look at the on-going public consultation on an outline for a European pillar of social rights, the role of civil society in promoting an inclusive form of growth and the updating of the law on the posting of workers in other EU countries.
The activity rate in the EU has continued its steady increase since 2008, in particular for older people, though not yet for younger people, as highlighted by this edition of the Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review. Employment rate has returned to its pre-crisis level but with a much wider gap between countries, from 55% in Greece to 80% in Estonia, Germany and Sweden. The publication also stresses that permanent and full-time jobs continue to increase, though at a slower pace than in 2014. The financial situation of EU households continues to improve, with more available income in nearly all Member States, though financial distress remains high for households with the lower income.
The 2015 winter edition of the Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review shows improvements on the EU labour market.
Employment and activity rates have continued to increase in the EU, across all population groups and most notably for older workers (55 - 59 years). In the third quarter of 2015, the overall EU employment rate has even reached its pre-crisis level, although the progress is unevenly distributed among Member States. In addition, unemployment has continued to recede and the share of long-term unemployed persons in total unemployment has slightly gone down.
A cultural revolution is required if the EU countries want to ensure adequate pensions for the generations to come. Social Agenda n°43 focuses on pensions at a time when the EU social partners are on the verge of launching negotiations on how to change the way age is managed at work. This issue of Social Agenda also addresses demographic change (how it can be an opportunity), the EU disability strategy (which is being reviewed) and the refugee issue (how EU funds can be used to help welcome and integrate them).
Social Agenda is available in English, French and German, also in print.
For the long-term unemployed, the European Commission proposes a European framework for a pathway back to work, with a comprehensive assessment between 12 and 18 months of unemployment, a single contact person for all aspects of life and a contractual back-to-work agreement. Social Agenda n°42 presents this proposal from several angles. It has similarities with the Youth Guarantee which, two years after its launch, has created focus and momentum. This issue of Social Agenda also explains the on-going ESF simplification revolution and how the European year for development 2015 relates to employment, social affairs and inclusion.
This publication is available in paper version in English, French and German.
The latest quarterly data confirms previous modest but positive economic, labour market and social developments. The EU economy continues its moderate growth, which has broadened across virtually all Member States. Labour markets in the EU continue to gradually improve, benefitting from the strengthening in economic activity. There are more permanent and full-time jobs. The increase in employment extended to all sub-population groups. Unemployment including youth unemployment continues to slowly recede in the EU however large differences remain among Member States. Long-term unemployment also shows further signs of decline but remains high. Household incomes and financial conditions of EU households continue to improve, benefitting from stronger economic activity and improved labour markets.
Skills and vocational education and training: this is what n°41 of Social Agenda is all about. Tackling employment and social affairs from the skills angle helps connecting the world of education to that of the labour market and tackling the challenges the EU is presently facing in a new, pragmatic way - taking people's concrete needs as a starting point. This issue of Social Agenda will help you follow, and take part in, the making of the EU's future skills strategy which Marianne Thyssen - Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility European Commissioner - will propose in 2016. Social Agenda is available in English, French and German, also in print.
The latest quarterly data confirms previous positive developments. The EU economy continues its moderate recovery, which is broadening across Member States. Labour markets in the EU continue to gradually recover, benefitting from the strengthening in economic activity.
Employment continues to improve in the EU, euro area and most Member States, and is higher than a year ago in the quasi totality of Member States. Most sectors are contributing to the observed improvement.
Unemployment continues to decline from its high levels in the EU. Long-term unemployment continues to recede gradually, affecting about 5% of the labour force.
We see welcomed developments regarding youth with the employment of those aged 15-24 increasing. Youth unemployment shows a decline which is accompanied by higher enrolment in education and training and a reduction in NEETs rates. In other words, young people in the EU are increasingly engaging in either employment or education and training.
Every year since 2010, between January and July, EU countries get together to examine each other's economic policies and agree on country-specific Recommendations. At a time when the EU demography is shrinking and technological change is accelerating, social investment is key to ensuring a sustainable crisis exit and future prosperity. The social partners therefore have a crucial role to play in EU economic governance – a fast evolving process, as this issue shows. Social Agenda is available in English, French and German, also in print.