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Demographic analysis

Child and grandparent

The European Union is facing unprecedented demographic changes (an ageing population, low birth rates, changing family structures and migration). In the light of these challenges it is important, both at EU and national level, to review and adapt existing policies.

Following a public debate, a 2006 EU policy paper identified five key policy responses to manage demographic change: 

  1. supporting demographic renewal through better conditions for families and improved reconciliation of working and family life
  2. boosting employment more jobs and longer working lives of better quality
  3. raising productivity and economic performance through investing in education and research
  4. receiving and integrating migrants into Europe
  5. ensuring sustainable public finances to guarantee adequate pensions, health care and long-term care.

European Demography Forum

Held every two years since 2006, the European Demography Forum gives policymakers, stakeholders and experts from all over Europe opportunities to share their knowledge and to discuss how to address demographic change.

To underpin these debates, the Commission services present a biennial European Demography Report setting out the main facts and figures concerning demographic change and discussing appropriate policy responses.

European Platform for Investing in Children

The European Platform for Investing in Children (EPIC) is an open platform where stakeholders and interested users can submit innovative and effective practices in the area of child and family policy.

It took over the work done by the Group of Experts on demographic issues for the European Alliance for Families, which ended in December 2012.