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Sectoral social dialogue - Live performance

Social partners


Workers' organisations Employers' organisations

European Arts and Entertainment Alliance (EAEA)

Performing Arts Employers Associations League Europe (Pearle*)
EURO-MEI - UNI-Europa performance and media branch  
International Federation of Musicians (FIM)  
International Federation of Actors (FIA)  

Social dialogue in this sector covers:

  • performing arts (e.g. live theatre, concerts, opera, dance and other stage productions and support activities)
  • venues (e.g. concert halls, theatres and other arts facilities).

The EU's live performance sector employs around 1.1 million people (Eurostat, Labour Force Survey data 2014).

There is a high proportion of freelance and self-employed workers in this sector and the number is rising.

Performing arts budgets are under pressure because of the slow growth and even decline in public subsidies for this sector in the EU.

The live performance sector requires significant travel, including travel in the EU, non-EU nationals travelling to the EU, and European performers travelling to other parts of the world (especially the USA).

Although social dialogue has made progress, many issues remain, e.g.:

  • social security
  • labour law
  • taxation
  • visas and work permits
  • travelling with music instruments.

Key areas

The Committee is currently focusing on:

  • social dialogue and the role of the social partners (e.g. capacity building and exchanging information)
  • health and safety (e.g. risk assessment and risk prevention)
  • training and skills (creation of a skills council in conjunction with the audiovisual sector)
  • working abroad (including the problem of double taxation)
  • public funding.

Activities and meetings

Check the library entries for the live performance social dialogue committee.

Recent achievements

  • 2016: Prime role of culture and the arts in society - joint statement
  • 2014 - 2016: European skills council for audiovisual and live performance sectors - joint project on first phase
  • 2014 - 2015: Resolving tax problems facing people active in different EU countries - participated in Commission expert group
  • 2013 - 2015: Online interactive risk assessment (OiRA) tool developed for venues and productions in the live performance sector
  • 2013 - 2015: Participated in European Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations (ESCO) reference group on arts, entertainment and recreation
  • 2014: US work permits and visas for European performers – joint letter
  • 2014: Public consultation on the revision of the Commission’s impact assessment guidelines – joint contribution of the audiovisual and live performance committees
  • 2014: French unemployment compensation system – motion on negotiations
  • 2014:"Double taxation should be removed" – joint letter to Commission and the OECD
  • 2013: "Double taxation should be removed" – joint statement


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