This study examines the economic trends that have led to changes in employment and industrial relations in the telecommunications and ICT sectors at national and European level. It is intended to provide an analytical underpinning to establish new demarcation lines of the industry from the view point of the European social dialogue. As such, it is intended as an entry point for the representativeness study in the sector.
This publication will be available in electronic format only in English.
The Industrial Relations in Europe series provides an overview of trends and developments in the collective relationships between workers, employers and their respective representatives in the European Union. The 2014 edition examines the fallout of the economic and sovereign debt crisis in relation to industrial relations and social dialogue. It includes in-depth analyses of developments in wage bargaining systems; industrial relations in Member States receiving financial assistance, as well as industrial relations and youth employment. In addition, it presents an update of recent developments in European Social Dialogue and Labour Law.
This publication is available in printed format in English.
This chapter presents an up-to-date picture of industrial relations in the EU and discusses significant developments that have occurred, considering them in the context of changes to industrial relations taking place over the longer-term. Some changes that we are currently witnessing have been shown to be rooted in trends that began long before the economic crisis, but which have, sometimes, been intensified by it, whereas other developments have been directly induced by the crisis.
On the basis of the main trends identified in chapter 1, this chapter considers the role of collective bargaining in wage-setting, in a context of greater intervention by national governments and an evolving European economic governance regime.
Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain and Cyprus faced a severe debt and fiscal crisis, with weak economic growth and large increases in unemployment. All five countries implemented far-reaching reforms, including to industrial relations systems, but social dialogue did not always play a prominent role in the design and implementation of such reforms, and in many cases consensus proved elusive. With the goal of linking wages better to company-level productivity levels, measures have been taken that decentralised wage bargaining. The effect of the reforms on the quality of social dialogue will need to be carefully monitored.
This chapter gives an overview of the role of industrial relations in promoting schemes to help young people enter the labour market. It focuses on topics for discussion between the social partners and the actions taken and initiatives put in place to try to address the problems associated with youth unemployment.
European social dialogue refers to discussions, consultations, negotiations and joint actions involving organisations representing the two sides of industry (employers and workers) at the European level. This chapter provides an overview of developments from September 2012 to December 2014, with a focus on processes, actors and outcomes.
This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the developments at EU level in the field of labour law including health and safety at work during the past two years. It highlights legislative developments and related action aiming at ensuring in particular the correct implementation, monitoring and review of EU law, and summarises key Court rulings in the area at issue.
The Industrial Relations in Europe series provides an overview of trends and developments in the collective relationships between workers, employers and their respective representatives in the European Union, including the tripartite dimension where public authorities at different levels are involved.
The 2014 edition examines the fallout of the economic and sovereign debt crisis in relation to industrial relations and social dialogue. It includes in-depth analyses of developments in wage bargaining systems; industrial relations in Member States receiving financial assistance, as well as industrial relations and youth employment. In addition, it presents an update of recent developments in European social dialogue and labour law.
The Executive Summary is available online in 24 language versions.
The European Commission launched its 6th edition of the EU Social Dialogue Newsletter.
For the first time the Newsletter includes a table showing the follow-up of European sectoral social dialogue 2012 and also the latest overview table summarising the outcomes of European social dialogue in 2013.
The European Commission launched a special edition of the EU Social Dialogue newsletter, with a specific feature dedicated to success stories on 31 sectoral social dialogue achievements at European level. Published 3 times a year, this newsletter provides a broad picture of developments in European social dialogue, which is being developed at cross-industry level and through 43 sectoral social dialogue committees. This publication is available online in English only.
This executive summary of the report looks at how industrial relations have evolved since our last edition in 2010. As the financial crisis has developed into a sovereign debt crisis, government reforms have had a fundamental impact on relations between employers, trade unions and public authorities. Whilst social dialogue had been a factor of resilience in overcoming the early effects of the crisis, its duration and depth has now resulted in an unfavourable setting for social dialogue. Nevertheless the summary highlights the importance of continued well-structured dialogue and underscores the Commission's commitment to support and promote it moving forward.
This report reviews trends and developments in the relationship between workers, employers, their respective representatives and public authorities at national and EU level during 2010-12. It looks at how the continuing crisis and reforms implemented in response may be having a more fundamental impact on industrial relations, as conflict is increasing. In certain countries, fiscal consolidation has resulted in unfavourable settings for social dialogue, especially in the public sector, where reforms have been accelerated. Despite this the report concludes that structured social dialogue is still the right approach for building consensus and ensuring the sustainability of economic and social reforms.
This report is available in printed format in English.
All the graphs and tables included in this report can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters here.
The Social Europe guide is a bi-annual publication aimed at providing an interested but not necessarily specialised audience with a concise overview of specific areas of EU policy in the field of employment, social affairs and inclusion. It illustrates the key issues and challenges,, explains policy actions and instruments at EU level and provides examples of best practices from EU Member States. It also presents views on the subject from the Council Presidency and the European Parliament. The second volume in this series describes the history, workings and accomplishments of social dialogue at EU level. Negotiations, consultations and exchanges of information among organisations representing employers and workers (the social partners) and public authorities are an essential element of the European social model and play a key role in defining and implementing EU economic, employment and social policy as well as sectoral policies. The volume also looks at how social dialogue has evolved at the level of individual Member States in response to the economic crisis. The guide is available in printed format in English, French and German.
Social partners play a vital role in shaping European social policy and the European Commission consults them extensively. This brochure gives an overview of the social partners’ contribution to EU integration before setting out how this consultation works. It looks at consultations related to legislative proposals and those aimed at supporting EU policies. In addition, it addresses the topic of Impact Assessment. Lists of publications, websites and social partner organisations are also provided. The brochure is available in English, French and German.
The Industrial Relations in Europe 2010 report reviews developments in the relationships between workers, employers and their respective representatives during 2008-10. This Executive summary of the report gives an overview of the impact of the economic crisis and the role of social partners in combating it. It then looks at the seven chapters of the report. These cover trends in European industrial relations, social partners' perspectives on and responses to the crisis, wage flexibilisation and the minimum wage, industrial relations and the transition to a low-carbon economy, as well as developments in EU social dialogue and legislation in 2008–10. The summary is available in electronic format in all official EU languages whereas the full report is available in English in printed format (ISBN 978-92-79-17861-0).