ESCO is a multilingual classification system covering skills, competences, qualifications and occupations.
Its common reference terminology can help make the European labour market more effective and integrated, and enable the worlds of work and education/training to communicate more effectively with each other.
ESCO is a resource that supports 2 of the EU's key strategies in this field:
Using a shared terminology across the sector helps the following groups:
Can document and describe their knowledge/skills/competences to match job openings more accurately.
Can more precisely state the skills and qualifications they expect from employees.
Europe-wide recruitment databases (like EURES) can match people with jobs in all EU countries, even when CVs and vacancy notices are in different languages.
Can build partnerships (especially between public and private services) and share data.
ESCO is managed by the Commission, who is responsible for updating the classification. It is supported by external stakeholders and the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop).