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Analyse de l'emploi et de la situation sociale

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25/04/2016

Flexibility versus Stability - A difficult tradeoff in the Eurozone  (25/04/2016)

N° de catalogue :KE-04-16-365-EN-N

Since the eruption of the sovereign debt crisis in the Eurozone, substantial efforts have been made to create a new form of governance for the Eurozone that will make the monetary union more robust in absorbing future economic and financial shocks. Much of the drive to adapt the governance of the Eurozone has been influenced by the traditional theory of optimal currency areas (OCA), which stresses the need for flexibility in product and labour markets. As a result, the Eurozone countries have been pushed towards structural reforms that aim to reduce the structural rigidities in product and labour markets. In this paper we ask whether this movement towards structural reform as part of the push for new governance is really going in the right direction. We will argue that this is not the case. The main reason is that the nature of the shocks that have hit the Eurozone does not correspond to the pattern of asymmetric shocks that has been identified by the OCA theory to require more flexibility. We will argue that what is needed in the Eurozone is not more structural reforms but a better mechanism capable of dealing with the classical boom and bust dynamics that are inherent to capitalism.

12/04/2016

EU Employment and Social Situation - Quarterly Review – Spring 2016  (12/04/2016)

N° de catalogue :KEBH16001ENN

The activity rate in the EU has continued its steady increase since 2008, in particular for older people, though not yet for younger people, as highlighted by this edition of the Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review. Employment rate has returned to its pre-crisis level but with a much wider gap between countries, from 55% in Greece to 80% in Estonia, Germany and Sweden. The publication also stresses that permanent and full-time jobs continue to increase, though at a slower pace than in 2014. The financial situation of EU households continues to improve, with more available income in nearly all Member States, though financial distress remains high for households with the lower income. 

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See also: Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2015

11/02/2016

EU Employment and Social Situation - Quarterly Review – Winter 2015  (11/02/2016)

The 2015 winter edition of the Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review shows improvements on the EU labour market.

Employment and activity rates have continued to increase in the EU, across all population groups and most notably for older workers (55 - 59 years). In the third quarter of 2015, the overall EU employment rate has even reached its pre-crisis level, although the progress is unevenly distributed among Member States. In addition, unemployment has continued to recede and the share of long-term unemployed persons in total unemployment has slightly gone down.

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See also: Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2015

21/01/2016

Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2015  (21/01/2016)

N° de catalogue :KE-BD-15-001-EN-N

Success in raising employment levels and living standards in Europe depends on effective support policies as well as positive macro-economic strategies. In this respect, this year’s Employment and Social Developments review addresses a range of issues.

It starts by looking at the contribution of entrepreneurship and self-employment to job creation and growth and the need to tackle the difficulties faced by the self-employed and notably micro and small companies. It then looks at the role of labour legislation in supporting more and better jobs and the need to strike the right balance between flexibility and protection. It then moves on to look at the best actions to avoid unemployment turning into long-term unemployment and inactivity. More broadly, given technology change, globalisation and population ageing, which translates into a reduction in the working-age population, the EU needs to increase employment and increase productivity. Mobility and migration can play an important role here. In relation to this, Europe needs to improve skills and better match skills with evolving demands. It also needs to promote labour market participation of older workers and women. Social policies, including pension policies and family policies (for example, child care and long-term care), can support longer working lives and increase employment of women. Promoting social dialogue and the involvement of social partners in the development of employment and social policies may help the implementation and effectiveness of such policies.

The review is available in printed and electronic format in English. All the graphs and tables can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters.

This publication was presented at the #ESDE2015 conference on 21 January 2016.

Table of contents
20/11/2015

Poverty Dynamics in Europe: From What to Why - Working Paper 03/2015  (20/11/2015)

N° de catalogue :KE-EW-15-003-EN-N

This working paper looks at poverty dynamics in Europe. Analysing poverty dynamics, i.e. incorporating time dimension to the analysis, helps to better understand the characteristics and various facets of poverty. In addition to looking at persistent poverty, it is important to look at the probability of exiting and entering poverty in different groups of the population and at poverty trajectories of the poor. This working paper presents empirical evidence on various issues related to poverty dynamics based on EU-SILC longitudinal data spanning from 2008 to 2012.

09/10/2015

EU Employment and Social Situation - Quarterly Review - September 2015  (09/10/2015)

N° de catalogue :KE-BH-15-003-EN-N

The latest quarterly data confirms previous modest but positive economic, labour market and social developments. The EU economy continues its moderate growth, which has broadened across virtually all Member States. Labour markets in the EU continue to gradually improve, benefitting from the strengthening in economic activity. There are more permanent and full-time jobs. The increase in employment extended to all sub-population groups. Unemployment including youth unemployment continues to slowly recede in the EU however large differences remain among Member States. Long-term unemployment also shows further signs of decline but remains high. Household incomes and financial conditions of EU households continue to improve, benefitting from stronger economic activity and improved labour markets.

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See also: Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2014

08/10/2015

Analytical Web Note 6/2015 - High and rising inequalities; what can be done about it (at EU level)?  (08/10/2015)

N° de catalogue :KE-BM-15-007-EN-N

This note reviews the main drivers of inequality in the European Union and reflects on what can be done about it at EU level. It explains the distinction between inequalities of opportunities and inequalities of outcomes and discusses how inequality affects growth and the labour market.

This publications is available only in electronic version.

28/08/2015

Analytical Web Note 4/2015 - Trends in poverty and social exclusion (2012-2014)  (28/08/2015)

N° de catalogue :KE-BM-15-002-EN-N

This analytical web-note provides an overview on the recent trends in poverty and social exclusion statistics, based on the indicator of at-risk-of poverty or social exclusion (AROPE) and its three components: at-risk of poverty, severe material deprivation and jobless households. It provides an update of the European Commission (2014) supplement on "Trends in Poverty and Social Exclusion".

20/07/2015

Labour Market and Wage Developments in Europe 2015  (20/07/2015)

N° de catalogue :KE-BN-15-001-EN-N

Labour market outcomes have been improving against the background of a modest recovery. The unemployment rate in the EU appears unusually reactive to the weak recovery. Yet, it stood above pre-crisis levels, at around 9.5% in the EU and 11% in the euro area in May 2015. Labour market disparities have started to fall across the EU and the euro area.

This publication is available in English and online only.

02/07/2015

Analytical Web Note 3/2015 - Demography Report  (02/07/2015)

N° de catalogue :KE-BM-15-003-EN-N

This analytical web-note contains an extensive update of the main demographic trends for the EU and a labour-market supplement which outlines the potential consequences of the forthcoming demographic change (declining working-age population) on the EU's growth perspective. The Demography Report was jointly produced by DG Eurostat and DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion of the European Commission.

This publication is only available in electronic format in English.

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