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Employment and social analysis

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Poverty Dynamics in Europe: From What to Why - Working Paper 03/2015  (20/11/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-EW-15-003-EN-N

This working paper looks at poverty dynamics in Europe. Analysing poverty dynamics, i.e. incorporating time dimension to the analysis, helps to better understand the characteristics and various facets of poverty. In addition to looking at persistent poverty, it is important to look at the probability of exiting and entering poverty in different groups of the population and at poverty trajectories of the poor. This working paper presents empirical evidence on various issues related to poverty dynamics based on EU-SILC longitudinal data spanning from 2008 to 2012.


EU Employment and Social Situation - Quarterly Review - September 2015  (09/10/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-BH-15-003-EN-N

The latest quarterly data confirms previous modest but positive economic, labour market and social developments. The EU economy continues its moderate growth, which has broadened across virtually all Member States. Labour markets in the EU continue to gradually improve, benefitting from the strengthening in economic activity. There are more permanent and full-time jobs. The increase in employment extended to all sub-population groups. Unemployment including youth unemployment continues to slowly recede in the EU however large differences remain among Member States. Long-term unemployment also shows further signs of decline but remains high. Household incomes and financial conditions of EU households continue to improve, benefitting from stronger economic activity and improved labour markets.

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See also: Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2014


Analytical Web Note 6/2015 - High and rising inequalities; what can be done about it (at EU level)?  (08/10/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-BM-15-007-EN-N

This note reviews the main drivers of inequality in the European Union and reflects on what can be done about it at EU level. It explains the distinction between inequalities of opportunities and inequalities of outcomes and discusses how inequality affects growth and the labour market.

This publications is available only in electronic version.


Analytical Web Note 4/2015 - Trends in poverty and social exclusion (2012-2014)  (28/08/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-BM-15-002-EN-N

This analytical web-note provides an overview on the recent trends in poverty and social exclusion statistics, based on the indicator of at-risk-of poverty or social exclusion (AROPE) and its three components: at-risk of poverty, severe material deprivation and jobless households. It provides an update of the European Commission (2014) supplement on "Trends in Poverty and Social Exclusion".


Labour Market and Wage Developments in Europe 2015  (20/07/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-BN-15-001-EN-N

Labour market outcomes have been improving against the background of a modest recovery. The unemployment rate in the EU appears unusually reactive to the weak recovery. Yet, it stood above pre-crisis levels, at around 9.5% in the EU and 11% in the euro area in May 2015. Labour market disparities have started to fall across the EU and the euro area.

This publication is available in English and online only.


Analytical Web Note 3/2015 - Demography Report  (02/07/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-BM-15-003-EN-N

This analytical web-note contains an extensive update of the main demographic trends for the EU and a labour-market supplement which outlines the potential consequences of the forthcoming demographic change (declining working-age population) on the EU's growth perspective. The Demography Report was jointly produced by DG Eurostat and DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion of the European Commission.

This publication is only available in electronic format in English.


Pre-retirement saving and the extension of working life - A model based assessment of the impact of low interest rates - Working paper 02/2015  (30/04/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-EW-15-002-EN-N

During the aftermath of the financial crisis, certain paradoxical trends have emerged in Europe. Firstly, despite the context of economic adjustment and restructuring, the employment rate of older workers has increased in most countries, and secondly, saving rates have remained remarkably resilient to the interest rate squeeze pursued by central banks as an economic stimulus. The question arises, whether lower interest rates effectively discourage or rather encourage saving among older workers, or even constitute an incentive to work longer, in case their saving strategy aims at maintaining a standard of living after retirement. The working paper adresses this issue through a model based approach.


EU Employment and Social Situation - Quarterly Review - March 2015  (13/04/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-BH-15-001-EN-N

The economic situation in the EU has been improving continuously for nearly two years with EU GDP now reaching pre-crisis levels and the recovery extending to most Member States. Employment in the EU also continues to improve, extending to nearly all sectors and involving more permanent and full-time jobs. The increase in employment and participation has also widened to all sub-population groups. Unemployment is slowly receding from its high levels in the EU and in most Member States. Long-term unemployment receded for the first time since the onset of the crisis, and youth unemployment declines to the 2009-2010 level. Alongside this, household income continues to increase at a faster pace compared with the previous quarters. These are some of the main conclusions of the European Commission's latest Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review. This Report is available in electronic format in English only.

Download data and charts: Recurrent analysis - latest update (Excel)

See also: Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2014


Demographic change, human resources constraints and economic growth - The EU challenge compared to other global players - Working paper 01/2015  (01/04/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-EW-15-001-EN-N

The paper provides a comparative analysis on human resources trends and their implications for employment and economic growth at global scale. Taking stock of specific population characteristics, it focuses on the inescapable challenge of workforce shrinking and its policy implications. The analysis concludes that productivity growth will progressively become the only way to sustain economic growth not only in the EU and several other industrialised regions but also in some of the emerging economies. It also reveals a growing north-south imbalance in terms of labour reserves. While the 2013 publication looked at human resources constrains within the EU, this paper extends to the global context, comparing the EU to other global players.


EU Employment and Social Situation - Quarterly Review - December 2014  (08/01/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-BH-14-004-EN-N

The economic recovery which started in the EU in the spring of 2013 remains subdued and recent GDP forecasts for the EU have been revised down. However, despite the weak macroeconomic background, employment has shown a small but consistent growth in the EU since mid-2013, in the large majority of EU Member States, and across the large majority of sectors. Many challenges remain in the EU, with important social consequences, in particular long-term unemployment and low employment opportunities for youth (15-24) and young adults aged 25-39. These are some of the main conclusions of the European Commission's latest Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review. A tool is provided to facilitate the access to regularly updated underlying data, charts and tables. These are accessible from the document or downloadable from the web. This Report is available in electronic format in English only.

Supplement: Towards tax reforms that reconcile efficiency and equity concerns

Supplement: Health and social services from an employment and economic perspective

Supplement: Recent trends in vacancy and hirings in Europe (Updated 13/01/2015)

Download data and charts: Recurrent analysis - latest update (Excel)

See also: Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2014


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