Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Slovakia - Incapacity benefits

When can I apply for benefits?

Sickness benefit (nemocenské) will be provided if you have been found temporarily incapacitated for work due to an illness or injury and/or if you have been subjected to quarantine measures.

You are entitled to benefit for the care of a sick relative (ošetrovné) if you are caring all day for a sick child, a sick spouse, a sick parent or a sick parent of your spouse. You are also entitled to sickness benefit when you are personally caring all day for a healthy child under the age of 10 in the event a pre-school or school facility and/or a social service facility is closed down based on a decision of competent authorities.

To become entitled to sickness benefits and provided that you have compulsory sickness insurance, you have to pay your contributions on time and in the correct amount from the date of commencement of insurance.

As an employee you have an advantage because you are insured even though your employer did not pay contributions on your behalf.

If you become temporarily incapacitated for work in another EU country, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland or Lichtenstein (hereafter "EU Member State"), i.e. a physician other than a physician in Slovakia has decided on your temporary incapacity, you will claim your entitlement to sickness benefits directly at the relevant branch of the Social Insurance Agency with which you have sickness insurance.

You will present a certificate issued by the attending physician in another EU Member State or forms E 115, E 116 and E 118 (if form E 115 is not accompanied by form E 116, the beneficiary may replace it with a certificate issued by the attending physician in another EU Member State).

The competent branch of the Social Insurance Agency will decide on your sickness benefit entitlement. When communicating with the Social Insurance Agency, you need to indicate your personal identification number.

What conditions do I have to meet?

You either have to have sickness insurance paid by your employer or compulsory sickness insurance as a self-employed person. As a rule, the protective period is seven days from the cessation of sickness insurance, and eight months in case of a female insured person whose sickness insurance ceased during her pregnancy.

Your physician will issue a certificate of temporary incapacity.

  • You keep part I of the certificate - temporary incapacity card - for a possible inspection carried out by the Social Insurance Agency. The physician will indicate the date of your next medical check-up on the card. After your temporary incapacity for work ends, you will return the card to your physician.

Part II of the certificate -  application for sickness benefit/injury surcharge benefit (úrazový príplatok) - should be submitted to the employer, whereas the employee will become entitled to sickness benefit provided by the Social Insurance Agency starting from the 11th day of temporary incapacity (income replacement is paid by the employer during the first 10 days), while self-employed persons and those voluntarily insured will claim their benefit entitlement at the relevant branch of the Social Insurance Agency.

  • You are obliged to indicate the following in the application:
  • what benefit you are applying for (sickness benefit and/or injury surcharge benefit);
  • regardless of whether you are claiming your benefit entitlement from overlapping insurance (if your temporary incapacity is covered by multiple sickness insurance schemes, the physician will issue a certificate for each insurance);
  • the method of benefit payment. Do not forget to sign the application.

Part IIa of the certificate - application for income replacement during temporary incapacity - should be submitted to the employer.

  • As soon as your temporary incapacity for work ends, you will sign part IV of the certificate and hand it over to the employer. After it is confirmed by your employer, you will send it to the branch of the Social Insurance Agency according to the registered office of the employer; self-employed persons and those voluntarily insured will hand in the document certifying the termination of their incapacity for work directly at their branch of the Social Insurance Agency.

What benefits can I apply for and how should I exercise my rights?

I have the right

Who provides what and how

Sickness benefit - determined by calculation

Social Insurance Agency / Employer

Injury surcharge benefit - determined by calculation

Social Insurance Agency / Employer

Benefit for the care of a sick relative - determined by calculation

Social Insurance Agency / Employer

The sickness benefit amount is determined based on income - an employee receives 55% of the designated amount (daily assessment basis) from the Social Insurance Agency starting from the 11th day of temporary incapacity. A self-employed person and voluntarily insured person receive 25% of the designated amount from the 1st to the 3rd day of temporary incapacity and 55% starting from the 4th day of temporary incapacity.

Sickness benefit is halved when temporary incapacity is the consequence of alcohol intoxication or consumption of other addictive substances.

The benefit is paid for each day of incapacity for work by remittance to a bank account and/or in cash on a monthly basis in arrears for a maximum of 52 weeks.

Documents evidencing the entitlement to the payment of sickness benefits (namely the temporary incapacity card or the notice of termination of temporary incapacity) should be submitted to the relevant branch of the Social Insurance Agency before the 3rd or the 5th day of the calendar month following the month for which the benefit is paid.

When applying for benefit for the care of a sick relative, it is necessary to submit the Application for the Benefit for the Care of a Sick Relative form containing the paediatrician's confirmation of the insured person's temporary incapacity to perform gainful activity due to taking care of a child under the age of 10. The child's parent should deliver the completed and signed Application for the Benefit for the Care of a Sick Relative form to the relevant branch of the Social Insurance Agency.

If you are an employee, the application should be confirmed by your employer prior to its delivery to the branch.

When caring for a child, the condition of personal and all-day care must be fulfilled.

What if I do not understand the text?

Protective period - The period during which you are covered by sickness insurance also after the cessation of insurance (e.g. following dismissal from employment).

Overlapping of insurance - The benefit entitlement may be claimed from two insurance schemes, e.g.

 from employment and voluntary sickness insurance and/or from two employers, etc.

Method of benefit payment - The payment of the benefit by means of a money order or by remittance to a bank account.

Required documents

  • Certificate of temporary incapacity (to be completed by a physician);
  • If your temporary incapacity is due to an injury, you will also submit Report of Injury for Sickness Benefit Purposes  form (to be completed by you);
  • And forms E 115, E 116 and E 118, or E 104 if you are claiming your entitlement to sickness cash benefit in another EU Member State;
  • Application for the benefit for the care of a sick relative.

Know your rights

Link to additional information provided by the European Commission:

Who do you contact if you need advice about sickness benefits?

Social Insurance Agency (Sociálna poisťovňa), Central Office, Ulica 29. augusta 8 and 10, 813 63 Bratislava 1

+421 906 171 989 (8:00 am - 4:00 pm)

Branch network

Official advice concerning real-life situations can be found on the website: http://www.socpoist.sk/31/361s?page=4&prm1=209&sword=&insurance_kind=209&target_group=0&life_sit=0

Share this page