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This report provides a comprehensive overview of the set-up of social protection systems in the EU. It illustrates the heterogeneity across Member States' social protection systems in terms of their size, structure, and financing arrangements. The document addresses the question of the effectiveness and efficiency of the systems in place, taking a broad approach that accounts for the multiple objectives of social policies and the related social and employment outcomes. Country overviews and relevant data are provided.
This publication is available online in English.
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This policy brief was produced by the OECD and the European Commission on entrepreneurship by people with disabilities. It presents data on the scale of self-employment and entrepreneurship activities undertaken by people with disabilities and discusses the barriers to entrepreneurship that are unique to people with disabilities. The policy brief also discusses policy approaches to support entrepreneurship for people with disabilities, including increasing awareness about the feasibility of entrepreneurship; developing entrepreneurship skills; supporting the development, acquisition and use of assistive technologies; ensuring access to appropriate financial support; and, improving Internet and IT accessibility. The brief provides examples of successful policy approaches used in the EU as well as inspiring stories about entrepreneurs with disabilities.
This policy brief is part of a series of documents produced by the OECD and the European Commission on inclusive entrepreneurship. The series includes policy briefs on youth entrepreneurship, senior entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, evaluation of inclusive entrepreneurship programmes, access to business start-up finance for inclusive entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship by the disabled as a well as a report on `The Missing Entrepreneurs’. All these documents are available in English, French and German. They are available at http://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/inclusive-entrepreneurship.htm
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The first working paper in the 2013 series reviews social protection expenditure developments in the crisis, focusing on expenditure trends in volumes following the peak of the crisis (2009), on changes in the distribution of incomes and, notably, on the distributional impact of austerity packages. The topics discussed relate to the March 2013 edition of the EU Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review. This Working paper is available in electronic format in English.