Wealth in the crisis - Research note 9/2012 by Eva Sierminska (2012) The purpose of this Research Note is examine the extent to which
household wealth provides a means assisting people to weather the effects of
the crisis by compensating, at least in part, for reductions in income or
alleviating the consequences of this. The focus is on
working-age population, especially those aged 25 to 49, and on
their wealth levels, home-ownership rates, financial assets and debt holdings
which are compared with their income levels. The wealth situation of homeowners
as opposed to tenants is also examined, along with the possible role of that wealth
might potentially play in helping households to cope with lower income levels. The concept of asset poverty and its significance in the present context is also considered.
Disparities in access to essential services - Research note 8/2012 by Erhan Őzdemir and Terry Ward (2012) Access to essential services is essential
if people are to have the ability to participate fully in society. This Research Note examines four different kinds of service, in each case on the basis of
data included in the EU-SILC and defining access in terms of affordability as
well as the convenience of the location from which services are provided. The services are:
(1) healthcare, which is investigated in terms of the relative number of people reporting an
unmet need as well as the number of visits made to a doctor; (2) public transport,which is assessed in terms of the proportion of people reporting difficulties of access, which can be especially important for older people who may not have a car; (3) banking and postal services, which are assessed in the same way and for which, in teh case of the former,
access might be affected by credit-worthiness as well as the aspects which apply to the other services; (4) childcare,for which there are no data to assess access directly but only indirectly in terms of the people using
The analysis indicates that for each type of service there are marked variations in access both between Member States and between social groups, with access being a particular problem in the lower income countries.
The social effects of labour market developments in the EU in the crisis - Research note 7/2012 by Erhan Őzdemir and Terry Ward (2012) The economic recession
which hit the EU in 2008 and the subsequent period of near economic stagnation
in most EU countries has led to widespread job losses and increased numbers of
people out of work. This Research Note examines the implications of this for household incomes and, more specifically,
for the proportion of people living in households with little or no earnings
from employment. The data used are from the Labour Force Survey which extend up to
2011 and so enables a more up-to-date view of developments to be obtained
than is possible from the EU-SILC, the only source of data on
incomes across the EU. The focus is, first, on the reduction in
employment over the crisis period and its differential
incidence on both sectors of activity and people with different levels of
educational attainment. The implications for the work intensity of
households are then examined, drawing attention to the increased number of people living in households with no-one in work or, at least, in full-time work.
Thirdly, estimates are made of the increased
proportion of people at risk of poverty as a result of the changes in household
work intensity. Fourthly, it examines the change in the distribution of earnings
between households in 2009, the first year of the crisis, and the latest one for which detailed EU-SILC data are available. This indicates the reduction of employment to be the main factor underlying the
Inclusion of young migrants - Research note 6/2012 by Orsolya Lelkes, Eva Sierminska and Eszter Zólyomi (2012) About 1.8 million young non-EU-born migrants are at risk of poverty or social exclusion, implying that around one in three of them live in a household at risk of poverty.
This Research Note examines the situation
of the migrant population in terms of their risk of poverty and social
exclusion, as well as their wealth, and compares this with those of the
non-migrant majority population. The focus, in particular, is on young people
with migrant parents (in terms of their country of birth) -- i.e. on second
generation young migrants and specifically on those with parents born outside
Young people in the crisis - Research note 5/2012 by Annamária Gáti, Márton Medgyesi, Erhan Őzdemir and Terry Ward (2012) Young people have been hit particularly hard by the prolonged economic crisis in the EU. This Research Note examines the consequences of the decline in the number of young people in employment for their levels of income and risk of poverty, distinguishing between those living with their parents and those living independently. The focus is on the 18-24 age group, which includes both those who are still in education and those who are making, or have made, the transition from education into work. The analysis also covers those aged 25-34 who have been less affected by the crisis but who have still experienced a significant reduction in employment.
The issues covered include the degree to which the reduction in employment has been associated with an increase in the number of NEETs (those neither in employment nor in education or training); the extent to which the crisis has led to more young people remaining in the family home; the initial effect of the crisis on their risk of poverty, how far young people living at home are financial independent of their parents; the support available for young people to undertake university studies; the extent to which young people share households with people in work and how far this is associated with having income above the at-risk-of-poverty threshold. In addition, estimates are made of the proportion of young people at risk of poverty in 2011, based on changes in the work intensity of households in which they live.