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EMCO opinion on Skills and Mobility (2009)Geographical, occupational, sectoral and social mobility and skills development strategies are crucial for confronting the crisis, paving the way for recovery, and easing the restructuring processes. In Europe, areas of persistent high unemployment co-exist with skills shortages and bottlenecks even in times of crisis.
EU emploment observatory review: The employment dimension of economy greening 2009 (2009)European Employment Observatory Review - The employment dimension of economy greening 2009, publication of the EU Commission DG Employment as of December 2009. Going green is seen as a necessary response to the changes in climate around the world, but also as a way to stimulate the EU economic development in the near and long-term future. The process of greening the economy is anticipated and expected to bring along significant effects upon industry and labour markets. The study provides an overview and assessment of national employment dimensions of "going green" in the EU 27 and outlines majour instruments and initiatives presented by different stakeholders in the EU 27.
Economic Crisis in Europe: Causes, Consequences and Responses (2009)The European economy is in the midst of the deepest recession since the 1930s, with real GDP projected to shrink by some 4% in 2009, the sharpest contraction in the history of the European Union. Although signs of improvement have appeared recently, recovery remains uncertain and fragile. A swift and decisive EU response Aside from intervention to stabilise, restore and reform the banking sector, the European Economic Recovery Plan (EERP) was launched in December 2008 to restore confidence and bolster demand through a coordinated injection of purchasing power. The overall fiscal stimulus, including the effects of automatic stabilisers, amounts to 5% of GDP in the EU. But policies must take up new challenges To ensure that the recovery takes hold and to maintain the EU’s growth potential in the long-run, the focus must increasingly shift from short-term demand management to supply-side structural measures. Failing to do so could impede restructuring or be harmful to the Internal Market. Moreover, while clearly necessary, the bold fiscal stimulus comes at a cost. On the current course, public debt in the euro area is projected to reach 100% of GDP by 2014. The Stability and Growth Pact provides the flexibility for the necessary fiscal stimulus in this severe downturn, but consolidation is inevitable once the recovery is firm. A coordinated 'exit strategy' is essential Preparing a coordinated exit strategy now, not only for fiscal stimulus, but also for government support
Emerging competences and eco activities in the EU-Chemicals,Pharmaceuticals,Rubber&Plastic Products (2009)The European chemicals sector broadly defined is a major contributor to the EU economy in terms of output, trade balance and employment. In 2006 it accounted for approximately 100.000 enterprises in the EU-2, employing 3.75 million persons. 1.92 million of which work in the chemicals and pharmaceuticals industry and 1.83 million in the rubber and plastics industry. Altogether the sector represents 1.7% of overall EU employment and 10.9% of total EU manufacturing employment.
Emerging competences and economic activities in the EU -Computer,Electronic and Optical Products- (2009)The sector accounts for about 134,000 enterprises, employing 2.1 million people or 0.94% of overall EU employment. New Member States (NMS) account for 18% of EU sector employment. 53% of employment is in medical and optical products, 40% in audio, video and telecom, and 17% in office equipment and computers. Employment growth varies markedly between the sub-sectors, with a modest 1% annual growth in medical and optical, and modest (NMS) to strongly negative (EU15) growth in the other two during the period 2000-2006.
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