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Showing 111 - 120 of 317

Economic Crisis in Europe: Causes, Consequences and Responses (2009)
The European economy is in the midst of the deepest recession since the 1930s, with real GDP projected to shrink by some 4% in 2009, the sharpest contraction in the history of the European Union. Although signs of improvement have appeared recently, recovery remains uncertain and fragile. A swift and decisive EU response Aside from intervention to stabilise, restore and reform the banking sector, the European Economic Recovery Plan (EERP) was launched in December 2008 to restore confidence and bolster demand through a coordinated injection of purchasing power. The overall fiscal stimulus, including the effects of automatic stabilisers, amounts to 5% of GDP in the EU. But policies must take up new challenges To ensure that the recovery takes hold and to maintain the EU’s growth potential in the long-run, the focus must increasingly shift from short-term demand management to supply-side structural measures. Failing to do so could impede restructuring or be harmful to the Internal Market. Moreover, while clearly necessary, the bold fiscal stimulus comes at a cost. On the current course, public debt in the euro area is projected to reach 100% of GDP by 2014. The Stability and Growth Pact provides the flexibility for the necessary fiscal stimulus in this severe downturn, but consolidation is inevitable once the recovery is firm. A coordinated 'exit strategy' is essential Preparing a coordinated exit strategy now, not only for fiscal stimulus, but also for government support

Emerging competences and eco activities in the EU-Chemicals,Pharmaceuticals,Rubber&Plastic Products (2009)
The European chemicals sector broadly defined is a major contributor to the EU economy in terms of output, trade balance and employment. In 2006 it accounted for approximately 100.000 enterprises in the EU-2, employing 3.75 million persons. 1.92 million of which work in the chemicals and pharmaceuticals industry and 1.83 million in the rubber and plastics industry. Altogether the sector represents 1.7% of overall EU employment and 10.9% of total EU manufacturing employment.

Emerging competences and eco activities in the EU-Chemicals,Pharmaceuticals,Rubber&Plastic Products (2009)
The European chemicals sector broadly defined is a major contributor to the EU economy in terms of output, trade balance and employment. In 2006 it accounted for approximately 100.000 enterprises in the EU-2, employing 3.75 million persons. 1.92 million of which work in the chemicals and pharmaceuticals industry and 1.83 million in the rubber and plastics industry. Altogether the sector represents 1.7% of overall EU employment and 10.9% of total EU manufacturing employment.

Emerging competences and eco activities in the EU-Chemicals,Pharmaceuticals,Rubber&Plastic Products (2009)
The European chemicals sector broadly defined is a major contributor to the EU economy in terms of output, trade balance and employment. In 2006 it accounted for approximately 100.000 enterprises in the EU-2, employing 3.75 million persons. 1.92 million of which work in the chemicals and pharmaceuticals industry and 1.83 million in the rubber and plastics industry. Altogether the sector represents 1.7% of overall EU employment and 10.9% of total EU manufacturing employment.

Emerging competences and eco activities in the EU-Chemicals,Pharmaceuticals,Rubber&Plastic Products (2009)
The European chemicals sector broadly defined is a major contributor to the EU economy in terms of output, trade balance and employment. In 2006 it accounted for approximately 100.000 enterprises in the EU-2, employing 3.75 million persons. 1.92 million of which work in the chemicals and pharmaceuticals industry and 1.83 million in the rubber and plastics industry. Altogether the sector represents 1.7% of overall EU employment and 10.9% of total EU manufacturing employment.

Emerging competences and economic activities in the EU -Computer,Electronic and Optical Products- (2009)
The sector accounts for about 134,000 enterprises, employing 2.1 million people or 0.94% of overall EU employment. New Member States (NMS) account for 18% of EU sector employment. 53% of employment is in medical and optical products, 40% in audio, video and telecom, and 17% in office equipment and computers. Employment growth varies markedly between the sub-sectors, with a modest 1% annual growth in medical and optical, and modest (NMS) to strongly negative (EU15) growth in the other two during the period 2000-2006.

Emerging competences and economic activities in the EU -Computer,Electronic and Optical Products- (2009)
The sector accounts for about 134,000 enterprises, employing 2.1 million people or 0.94% of overall EU employment. New Member States (NMS) account for 18% of EU sector employment. 53% of employment is in medical and optical products, 40% in audio, video and telecom, and 17% in office equipment and computers. Employment growth varies markedly between the sub-sectors, with a modest 1% annual growth in medical and optical, and modest (NMS) to strongly negative (EU15) growth in the other two during the period 2000-2006.

Emerging competences and economic activities in the EU -Computer,Electronic and Optical Products- (2009)
The sector accounts for about 134,000 enterprises, employing 2.1 million people or 0.94% of overall EU employment. New Member States (NMS) account for 18% of EU sector employment. 53% of employment is in medical and optical products, 40% in audio, video and telecom, and 17% in office equipment and computers. Employment growth varies markedly between the sub-sectors, with a modest 1% annual growth in medical and optical, and modest (NMS) to strongly negative (EU15) growth in the other two during the period 2000-2006.

Emerging competences and economic activities in the EU -Computer,Electronic and Optical Products- (2009)
The sector accounts for about 134,000 enterprises, employing 2.1 million people or 0.94% of overall EU employment. New Member States (NMS) account for 18% of EU sector employment. 53% of employment is in medical and optical products, 40% in audio, video and telecom, and 17% in office equipment and computers. Employment growth varies markedly between the sub-sectors, with a modest 1% annual growth in medical and optical, and modest (NMS) to strongly negative (EU15) growth in the other two during the period 2000-2006.

Emerging competences and economic activities –Building and repairing of ships and boats sector - Executive summary (2009)
The EU-27 building and repairing of ships and boats sector provided in 2006 employment to 296.0 thousand people, figure which has experienced an upward trend since year 2001, in contrast with the severe crisis observed in the previous 25 years. The sector has been up to now in a very expansive cycle (parallel to the growth in seaborne world trade), with a remarkable international concentration process together with increasing outsourcing strategies by the main shipyards. However, the current economic and financial crisis at world level is changing severely this positive evolution.