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Skills supply and demand in Europe - Methodological framework (2012)
Cedefop's medium-term skills forecasts have proven very popular. But how does the skills project approach the topic and draw conclusions? This publication provides an overview of the methods underpinning the project. Cedefop’s forecast is not intended to replace forecasting efforts in individual countries, but to share the knowledge acquired during the development of different systems and methods, and to highlight the results. This shared knowledge can help to improve the methods used in each country and to resolve outstanding issues.
New skills and jobs in Europe: Pathways towards full employment (2012)
The Europe 2020 employment strategy, and in particular its initiative ‘An agenda for new skills and jobs’, aims to support the full employment goal of the Lisbon Treaty. In a context of growing challenges for employment policies in Europe, this report questions current approaches and calls for increased policy learning amongst EU Member States. The report argues that there is room for improvement in employment in Europe and emphasizes the importance of improving access to education, developing more transversal skills and balancing job security and flexibility.
Green skills and environmental awareness in vocational education and training (2012)
This report claims that the main factors slowing down adaptation to the green economy and the development of necessary skills are the failure of employers to demand new qualifications, and the uncertainty surrounding regulations and policies. Learning providers also report difficulties in meeting the needs of employers and understanding what organisations' skill needs are.
EESC opinion on the new EU Youth Opportunities Initiative (2012)
The new 'Youth Opportunities Initiative', adopted by the Commission, calls on Member State to work on preventing early school leaving; helping youngsters develop skills relevant to the labour market; ensuring work experience and on-the-job training and helping young people find a first good job. The Commission is also urging Member States to make better use of the European Social Fund which still has €30billion of funding uncommitted to projects. In addition, the Commission has put forward a set of concrete actions to be financed directly by EU funds.
The Impact of the Financial Crisis on the Job Creation Potential of SMEs (2012)
This study reviews the effect of the current crisis on Europe’s economy, as well as measures taken by governments and social partners to support SMEs in the crisis. The study discusses in detail the experience and potential of two main types of measures (short-time working arrangements and skills development and training) for a number of Member States. Most of them have implemented measures in the form of packages rather than stand-alone individual measures. The study reviews recent experiences with such packages in Austria and Lithuania and ends with conclusions and recommendations.