Before the European Commission proposes a new initiative, it evaluates the potential economic, social and environmental consequences.
An impact assessment gives decision-makers evidence regarding the need for EU action and the advantages and disadvantages of alternative policy choices. It may also find that no action should be taken at EU level.
Impact assessments are prepared for Commission initiatives expected to have significant direct economic, social or environmental impacts. These can be:
Planning of impact assessments is communicated to the public via so-called roadmaps