September 2000, Amsterdam - Projects - Denmark

Mohammad Hamza (16)
School: Albertslund Amts Gymnasium/Hoje Taastrup Amtsgu
Hobbies: scientific experiments, surfing on the internet, PC-games, inventions
Career intention: astrogeologist, geochemist/geophysist

Can life exist on Mars?
Ever since we discovered the so-called canals on Mars' surface, we believed there was intelligent life on the Red Planet. But we soon discovered that there was no life - or we thought there wasn't! Life is not necessarily intelligent life. A NASA scientist team concluded in 1996 during a press conference that they had found fossils and traces of microscopic life, ancient fossilised bacteria in an ancient Martian meteorite called ALH84001. The leader of the team, Dr. David McKay, said that if life ever existed on Mars, it is still there! Well, my personal opinion is that primitive microscopic life on early Mars is possible. I have indeed proved, theoretically, that such life is more than just a possibility - it's as possible that life existed on Mars for about 3 billion years ago, as it is that it existed on Earth at that time! The two planets looked just the same, and life had many opportunities to develop. According to my theory microscopic life began in the sub-waters and became fossils. We are now about to discover the real truth: Does life exist on Mars?

Henrik Skov Midtiby (17)
School: Staby Efterskole
Hobbies: gymnastics, computers, electronics, ultimate frisbee, cycling, mathematics, physics, swimming, programming
Career intention: civil engineer in micro electronics

Retrograde analysis of basic chess endgames
As I needed a better chess program, I started writing sourcecodes for a chess engine. Soon I found a new technology, retrograde analysis and by using it, a computer can perfectly play chess in certain end-games very quickly compared with ordinary chess computers. The difference lies in the calculating process whereas the chess computer using the retrograde analysis just needs to take a quick look into a database with all the positions and their best moves. I think it is quite smart, the computer plays both better chess end-games and a lot faster compared to an ordinary chess computer. The only disadvantage of the retrograde analysis is that it is nearly impossible to calculate complete end-game databases with more than 6 pieces (two kings and four other pieces) because of the enormous data quantity. This seems like a new problem to be tackled before writing my perfect chess game.

Peter Wurtz (19)
School: Aarhus Statsgymnasium
Hobbies: tennis, cycling, badminton, football, volleyball, reading
Career intention: Chemist or mathematician

The nature of the Chemical Bond
I arranged to carry out experiments and calculations with experts from the department of chemistry. Due to the difficult mathematics in quantum chemistry I wanted to approach the project from a more physical angle. I therefore made theoretical calculations and compared them with a spectroscopic experiment.
The project describes how two atoms become a molecule. It includes a mathematical description of how and why the chemical bond is formed. As an example calculations are made for the carbonmonoxide molecule because this simple molecule contains only one carbon atom and one oxygen atom. The distribution of electrons in the molecule is analysed to determine which kind of bond holds the molecule together.The basis of the formation of all molecules is the same and thus the project refers to how all molecules are formed and held together, a necessity for all life.