September 2000, Amsterdam - Projects - Georgia

Nika Beruschashvili (17)
School: 56 secondary school
Hobbies: computers, geography, travelling
Career intention: geographer. Ecologist

Unknown and potential virgin landscapes of Georgia
Europe's landscapes have been considerably transformed by man. At the beginning of the 21st century, virgin landscapes, the ones that have not been touched, made up no more than one percent of the whole of Europe and they have been preserved only in North-Eastern Europe, and in Georgia. The reason for this is that the mountainous reli‰f of the country creates many inaccessible regions. In addition, in the time our country was part of the USSR, we were provided with wood from Siberia, and hardly any trees were felled in Georgia. But, no data were available on the spread of virgin landscapes in Georgia. After developing the methodology of identifying virgin landscapes and developing the methodology of isolating virgin landscapes with the help of analysis, we started mapping and the basic scientific result of our work is a map that we have compiled of potential virgin landscapes of Georgia. The entire area of virgin landscapes amounts to 7,024 square km, i.e. 10 percent of Georgia's territory and they are not only of scientific interest, but are also an important natural resource of our country.

Levan Kobakhidze (17)
School: the Georgian Technical College
Hobbies: swimming, reading, fishing, spending free time with friends
Career intention: specialist of renewable energies

Model of a solar photovoltaic station
I have been interested in technique and electronics since my childhood. When I was ten years old, I made my first solar photovoltaic station and as I wanted to study this field more extensively I decided to take up this project and to make something new and interesting: a counter of solar energy provided by the batteries. My project concerns a working model of a solar photovoltaic station which can be used for the following purposes: To measure the sun radiation intensity (w/m2) at any time of the day, to measure the sun total radiation (w/m2h), reaching the earth during a day and to accumulate the energy received from the sun in order to feed low-voltage radio-electronic equipment. The model consists of several parts, containing photovoltaic batteries, a module of photo charging, a solar energy counter (counter of ampere-hours), a module for studying the sun, several accumulators, and an indication of the status of the accumulators.The most interesting part of the model is of course the counter of the solar energy.

Nickoloz Tchankoshvili (18)
School: Tbilisi State Medical College
Hobbies: reading, swimming, light music
Career intention: neurosurgeon

The monitoring and protection of bats in Georgia
Bats have never been the object of special study in Georgia and when I started my research on the biological and ecological characteristics and the migration of bats, there was no information. I started studying myself and found out that an alarming situation of bats in different parts of Georgia and throughout Europe exists and that's how I became convinced of the necessity of bat protection. Thirty bat species are known in Europe today, but local extinction has already occurred, and all but three species are considered to be endangered, rare, or vulnerable. One of the main reasons is the disappearance of roosts. The forests are unsafely cut down due to circumstances relating to the energy crisis in Georgia. However, by cutting threes down, the bats are left without any shelters. The cheapest and most effective solution to the problem is to create artificial hollows, by which we can not only save bats, but increase their number, too. Compared with the natural hollows, the artificial ones contain fewer parasites and humidity is lower. Therefore the conditions are better than in natural hollows, especially for newborn bats .