History - Retrospective - Newcastle 1995

The Civic Centre Banqueting Hall - The Kings Hall, University of Newcastle upon Tyne

The 7th edition of the EU Contest for Young Scientists somewhat represented its coming of age. Contestants from Central and Eastern Europe were allowed to join as "full participants" in their own right and for the first time. Ukrainians, Polish, Hungarians have been eligible for prizes in exactly the same way as the others since; Icelanders too.
Therefore Newcastle would culminate the evolution of the competition that had commenced in Seville by inviting three guest participants from Hungary. The geographical extension towards Eastern and Central Europe had been maintained during the Luxembourg Contest by allowing Ukraine to become represented for the first time.
Many more key evolutions have historically occurred within this industrial metropolis of Northern England. Newcastle upon Tyne was one of the centres of the industrial revolution, paving the way for the astonishing technological developments we take for granted nowadays. Some of the greatest industrialists in Britain were great friends and would often meet to discuss their technological developments at the Literary and Philosophical Society of Newcastle. The "Lit and Phil" became one of the most important institutions of Victorian Britain and still exists today as a private library. It was here that Joseph Swan first demonstrated his electric light bulb and where George Stephenson first showed off the Miner's safety lamp which made possible the opening up of deeper mines.
Another renowned engineer, William G. Armstrong (1810-1900), was born and lived in Newcastle. His interests remained within Hydro Electricity and Hydraulics; he persuaded wealthy Newcastle men to back him in the construction of hydraulic cranes for the city, which were powered with a local company. The scheme was absolutely successful.
In the field of natural science, the Hancock Museum stands as homage to two local figures: John and Albany Hancock. John was an ornithologist and extremely skilled taxidermist. Albany was more interested in marine animals and coal-measure fossils. Funded by the University of Newcastle, the Hancock Museum, alongside with Sunderland Museum, holds extensive databases of environmental records. The main project under way is to enter all of these onto a computerised database (RECORDER). In this way, an enormous resource of environmental information can be made available for planning and conservation purposes.
Finally, we must mention the daredevil studies of Lewis Fry Richardson, a mathematician from Newcastle that dared try to predict English weather by numerical processes in 1922. The "Richardson number", a fundamental quantity involving gradients of temperature and wind velocity is named after him.


PRIZE WINNERS

FIRST PRIZES

  • Sven Siegle : "Natural pulping or paper from straw" D
  • Brian Fitzpatrick - Shane Markey : "Plants can tell us when they need a drink of water" IRL
  • Christopher Mead - Matthew Taylor: "Radio waves from comet Shoemaker-Levy 9" UK
  • SECOND PRIZES

  • Tycho van Meeuwen : "The witty wise writing writer" NL
  • Nina Fraefel : "Biochemical control of salmonella in poultry feed" CH
  • Oliver Hantschel - Kai Krüger - Nicole Stroh: "Is isoguanine selectively mutagenic during virus replication?" D
  • THIRD PRIZES

  • Aldis Helga Egildsdottir - Reynir Hjalmarsson: "The Icelandic capelin: a behaviour study" ICE
  • Frank Ekpar - Erik Sos: "Mobile robots: motorless motion using shape memory alloy actuators" H
  • Klaus Mazanti Soerensen: "Factorising factorials and Bertrand's postulate for primes 4k+3" DK shared the prize with Marcin Kowalczyk - Marcin Sawicki: "The force of a set and the Euler characteristic" PL
  • Gergely Eberhardt: "A virus recognition program to prevent computer infection" H shared the prize with Michael Vorburger: "A fruity approach to memory management in C++" CH
  • Roddy Vann: "The manufacture of closed-cage molecules in electric arcs" UK shared the prize with Alberto Lerena - Ricardo Martín - Victor Sanz: "A brake based on a magnetically solidified fluid" E
  • SPECIAL MENTIONS

  • Charilaos Lygidakis: "The consumer choice, advertising, healthy diet relationship" GR
  • Krisztian Bükkosi: "The magnetic worm: a friction proof magnetic transmission" PL

    TRAVEL AWARD TO THE NOBEL PRIZE CEREMONY

  • Julien Salomez: "Physical field theory" F


  • TRAVEL AWARD TO THE ISEF
  • Christopher Mead - Matthew Taylor : "Radio waves from comet Shoemaker-Levy 9" UK
  • Oliver Hantschel - Kai Krüger - Nicole Stroh: "Is isoguanine selectively mutagenic during virus replication?" D

  • LONDON INTERNATIONAL YOUTH SCIENCE FORUM

  • Sven Siegle : "Natural pulping or paper from straw" D

  • JURY MEMBERS

    Gisela Anton
    Luce Fleitout
    Joseph Geraedts
    Kersti Hermannson
    Susan Kingsman
    Edgard Laes
    George Kokolakis
    Maria Emilia Manso
    Dorte Olesen
    Sauro Pasini
    Tytti Sustela
    Eugene Meieran r