- Retrospective - Seville 1992
Trade Centre - World Trade Centre Expo 92 Building Auditorium
the context of a very special year for Spanish culture, with
the Olimpic Games in Barcelona and Madrid as European City
of culture, Seville sheltered the EU Contest for Young Scientists
in 1992. Five centuries had gone by since Columbus and his
brave adventure through the Atlantic Ocean, five hundred years
from that huge cultural and economic breakthrough that would
completely redefine Europe and the contours of its geography.
The influx of gold and trade coming from the Americas enriched
the Old Continent and made its nation states aware, at the
same time, of the enormous possibilities of that ever-expanding
world. That is why September 1992 was a particularly convenient
moment for further discoveries, this time in the name of science.
Surrounded by the futuristic architecture of the Universal
Exposition and specially that of the World Trade Centre, the
contestants suddenly found themselves in a sort of turning
point. The Fourth Edition of the EU Contest would become a
standpoint from which Seville has significantly improved its
scientific and research potential. Right after the Expo 92,
there was a complete recycling of its premises in order to
establish a technological park: Seville-Technopolis.
Scientific tradition in Seville is well represented by the
outstanding figure of Avenzoar (1091-1161). Some have considered
him the greatest among the Muslim physicians of the Middle
Ages. He spent most of his life in Seville focusing on medical
research and producing many original and long-lasting contributions.
Avenzoar was in favour of thorough observation and experimentation
in medicine; he has been described as proficient in the art
of dissecting dead human bodies.
Avenzoar was a pioneer in testing different medicines on animals
before administering them to humans, as well as in describing
in detail scabies, itch mites and other parasites. Besides,
he was the first to give a full description of the operation
of tracheotomy, which he performed successfully feeding through
the gullet. Several of his medical manuscripts were translated
into Latin and Hebrew, being in great demand all over Europe
until the late 18th Century.
Regarding the field of chemistry, and again during the Muslim
domination in Middle Age Spain, there was a scholar in Seville
who published influential treatises on procedures for purification
of chemical compounds; unfortunately we do not know his name.
A past of physicians and chemists: the fact that the first
Academy of Medicine in Europe was founded in Sevilla in the
late 17th Century somewhat comes as no surprise .
Küpper - Frithjof Küpper - Martin Spiller : "Environmental
relevance of heavy metal substituted chlorophylls" D
Trapp : "Study of the effect of a chelator on yeast" D
T. Skov : "The bended perspective" DK
Hesselsoe : "Green toad (Bufo Viridis) in the great belt"
Byrne - Elizabeth Dowling : "Population dynamics of a thistle
Zeiter - Ewald Amherd - Reinhard Fubber : "Graphtal plants
varieties of trees" CH
Zies : "New global lighting model based on radiosity" D
Urlings : "10 channel vocoder" B
Stefanutti - Aurelle Vidal - Julie Morere : "Palynology historic
Theofanidis - Nick Konstantinos Tsagourias : "Research and
development of a traffic light system" GR
Bellot Rubio - Antonio Roman Reche - Gustavo Roman Reche :
"Analysis of visual observations of the comet Levy" E
Erhard - Cristoph Herbst : "Electronical regeneration of FeC12/FeC13
compounds in metal etching processes with an environmental
and economic focus" A
AWARDS TO THE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FAIR IN MISSISSIPI 1993
T. Skov: "The bended perspective" DK
Trapp: " Study of the effect of a chelator on yeast" D
Stefanutti - Aurelie Vidal - Julie Morere: "Palynology - Historic
Ernesto Carmona Guzmán
Fiorella Padoa Schioppa
Joseph H. G. Lahr