History - Retrospective - Zurich 1991

Heureka Zurich - Heureka Auditorium

At the heart of a picturesque landscape, Zurich is a good example of "little big city" in which it is possible to enjoy the advantages and standards associated with a great metropolis. Zurich's attractiveness was thoroughly appreciated by artists such as Richard Wagner and James Joyce, who spent many years of their lives by its river Limmat.
However, it is to science that Zurich owes a great part of its fame. In 1855 the Polytechnicum in Zurich (ETH) is founded, and it very soon attracts key German figures like Rudolf Clausius. Clausius would actually get to define entropy and the second law of thermodynamics during his period at the ETH.
And then Albert Einstein came along. He may arguably be called the outstanding scientist of the twentieth century we have just left behind. Originally German, Einstein would become the flag bearer of Switzerland around the world. Part of his core work was produced in Zurich.
There is a remarkable absence of glorification of the past in the city, and therefore its inhabitants boast that they erect neither monuments for geniuses nor build pyres for heretics. In spite of that, a small plaque can be spotted on Unionstrasse 4 in order to designate the house where Albert Einstein lived while at the ETH. As an anecdote, it must be said that Einstein applied for admission to the ETH in 1896, but failed the entrance examination the first time.


 


PRIZE WINNERS

FIRST PRIZES

  • Robert Nitzschmann : "Development and construction of a scanning tunneling microscope" D
  • Barry O'Doherty - Daniel Dundas: "The dynamics of a two-well potential oscillator" IRL
  • Paul Hoffmann : "Computer assisted text conversion to Braille" L
  • Angus Filshie: "Clearway : a mucus extractor" UK
  • Christian Tost - Sabine Zang: "Catalytic converter restoration" A
  • Torkild Jensen: "Birdlife in Oslofjord" N
  • Hans Jacob Feder : "Earthquake as a self-organized critical process" N
  • SECOND PRIZES

  • Tania Hinrichs - Hussein Morsy - Axel Conrad : "The knight's hamiltonian path problem" D
  • Nicolas Bouche - Olivier van der Aa : "Flight study of a micro-rocket" B
  • Valerio Arnáiz - José Mora - Alexandre Girones: "Astrometria: the measurement of comet positions" E
  • Henk Hoekstra - Christiaan Kok: "Oscilating systems of chemical reactions" NL
  • Edwin Thaller - Friedrich Pfluegelmeier : "Intelligent testing probe" A
  • Christof Teuscher - Flavio Stragiotti: "Aiolos II : development of a wind measuring computer system" CH
  • COMETT PRIZES

  • Robert Nitzschmann: "Development and construction of a scanning tunneling microscope" D

  • Angus Filshie: "Clearway: a mucus extractor" UK
  • Martin Hairer: "Electrical Circuitry Simulation" CH


  • NOBEL TRAVEL AWARD
  • Stefano Radam: "The graphite furnace in S. O. A. P." I


  • USA INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING FAIR TRAVEL AWARD
  • Hans Jacob Feder: "Earthquakes as a self-organised critical process" N
  • Paul Hoffmann: "Computer assisted text conversion to Braille" L
  • Valerio Arnáiz - José Mora - Alexandre Girones: "Astrometria: the measurement of comet positions" E
  • JURY MEMBERS

    Fritz Paschke
    Alfred Frennet
    Thor Bak
    Mireille Polvé
    Werner Ratmayer
    Galo Ramírez
    Joseph Lahr
    Augusto Barroso
    Christos Louis
    Peter Swinnerton-Dyer
    Fiorella Padoa Schioppa
    Dervilla Donnelly
    Verena Meyer
    Maurits Geerlings