- Retrospective - Brussels 1989
Borschette Conference Centre of the European Community - Palais
starting point of the EU Contest for Young Scientists had
to be the capital of Europe. Brussels stands as a sort of
micro-Europe itself, in which any language can be heard and
utilised, at any moment and anywhere. Four months before the
finals in October, on June 18th 1989 and for the first time
ever, the citizens of Brussels elected their regional representatives
directly. Brussels-Capital Region was henceforth considered
an autonomous region, along with the Flemish and Walloon Regions.
The capital, if not large, is somehow a miraculous synthesis
of what Europe is and what Europe is not. Home to the main
EU institutions and cosmopolitan par excellence, Brussels
has had the wisdom to preserve that precious, almost intangible
human touch that many huge cities scarcely possess.
In addition to this, the scientific legacy of Brussels is
anything but modest. A Belgian engineer called Ernest Solvay
(1838-1922) is partly to blame. He commenced the tradition
of the Solvay Councils, gathering together the most influential
European scientists of this century: from Marie Curie to Bohr,
alongside with Rutherford, Fermi, and Einstein. Solvay, a
philanthropist with a keen interest in the development of
science, organised the first meetings in his own Brussels
country house. Little he knew about the future impact of his
initiative. In October 1933, the 7th Solvay Physics Council
would have Max Born say things like "physics, as we know it,
will be over in six months". Virtually all of particle physics
followed this meeting.
Brussels was the birthplace of Pierre Verhulst. He would be
appointed professor of mathematics at the Université Libre
of Brussels and in 1846 he would show that forces which tend
to prevent a population growth increase in proportion to the
ratio of the excess population to the total population. The
non-linear differential equation describing the growth of
a biological population, which he deduced and studied, is
now named after him. Based on his theory, Verhulst predicted
the upper limit of the Belgium population would be 9,400,000.
In fact the population in 1999 is 10,182,034.
to more recent personalities, it is worth mentioning that
Illya Prigogine, who is still working for the Université Libre
de Bruxelles, won the 1977 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry for
his contributions to non-equilibrium thermodynamics.
Brussels is not only about art nouveau and La Grand Place,
ECU STUDY GRANTS TO
Markussen: "Eyewriter, an eye operated control unit" DK
Schlitter: "Conducting polymers in batteries" D
O'Connor - Sinead Finn : "A crop fractionation industry "
Tomasella : "Toxicity of colour dyes used as tracers" I
Kirk : "Walking aid for a disabled person" UK
Wyss - Matthias Zimmermann - Elmar Artho : "Recognition of
handwritten signs" CH
ECU STUDY GRANTS TO
van der Velde - Olivier Camberlin : "Computer-guided solar
Courtin - Pierre Betsch - Hugues Nodet : "A Doppler rocket"
Bolt - Eric Toonen - Pascal Stevelmans : "Wind energy project"
Mathieson : "Voice intensity feedback for speech handicapped"
Fossa : "Expert systems in cancer treatment" N
Thommen : "Comparative study of two composts" CH
PRIZES - TOOLS OF STUDY GRANTS OF 150 ECU
Delaere: "Electromagnetic radiation" B
Hautot: "Studies on the Kelvin generator" B
Røntved - Søren Chyltoft: "LISSI, an I. C. Test Computer"
Büger: "Axiomatic theory of mean values" D
Georg Veeck - Jens Schneider: "Construction of a diffusion
cloud chamber" D
Theocharidis - Paul Magoulas: "New Dimension 2000, an automation
system with computer" GR
Tabar - Luis Rodríguez - Antonio Sánchez: "Multi-use interface
applied in a greenhouse" E
Navas - José Ortega - José Navas: "Computer-based sound synthesis
Landeos - Bertrand Dubois - Alain Crusoe: "Wheelchair adapted
for racing" F
Mora - Jean-François López: "Meteorological imaging" F
Corsini: "Solar spots" I
Emma: "The rhopalocerous insect" I
Pauly - Gérard Milmeister: "The fantastic world of fractals"
Thill - Serge Remesch: "Mapograph, a computer-aided writer"
van Den Bergh - Laurens Smit - Mathieu van Geffen: "CHIP,
a computer hardware instruction project" NL
Ribeiro: "Diving patterns of the bottlenose dolphin" P
Herzog: "An electronic plotter" A
Ringnes - Ingvar Apeland - Jarand Felland: "Solar energy project"
Thor Bak § Luiggi Dadda
R. J. van Overstraeten
P. Pascual § Mireille Polvé
Hendrik de Waard