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SPREEX
Spill Response Experience

SPILL RESPONSE EXPERIENCE (or SPREEX) is a Coordinated Action based on the existing experience of the response to oil spills in Europe. It is focused on the identification of research needs through the development of state of the art for issues identified by more than 25 organisations.

Tags: Water

Background

On 13 November 2002, the Bahamian-flag tanker Prestige ran into trouble during a storm 34 km off Cape Finisterre and began to leak its cargo of 77 000 tonnes of oil. After drifting for six days along the coast, the tanker broke in half about 225 kilometres offshore, having spilled about 11 000 tonnes of oil. Several hundred kilometres of coastline were coated in oil sludge by the disaster, especially Galicia but also Asturias, Cantabria and the Basque country in Spain, as well as several departments in western France.

As a result of the accident, a post- Prestige package was agreed upon and, following a few meetings held in 2003, the SPREEX project was set up.

Objectives

The objectives of SPREEX are as follows:

  1. Identify research needs in different work programmes, and generate synergies for building new projects and partnerships between authorities and regulators, end users, universities and researchers.
  2. Develop recommendations based on an analysis of four themes:
    1. European oil-spill response management for quick response action
    2. Optimisation of resources for oil-spill response
    3. Integration and real-time updating of oil-spill information
    4. Environment effects and total costs of response approach.


SPREEX kick-off meeting in September 2006. Members of the project consortium.
SPREEX kick-off meeting in September 2006. Members of the project consortium.
Puertos del Estado

Description of work

The work has been divided into seven work packages (WP).

WP0: Project management and administration

WP1: European oil-spill response management for quick response action

WP2: Optimisation of resources for oil-spill response

WP3: Integration and real-time updating of oil-spill information

WP4: Environment effects and total costs of response approach.

WP5: Recommendations for European research

WP6: Dissemination activities: newsletter, website, running two workshops.

Results

For Work Packages 1-4, state-of-the-art reports will be written, and gaps identification and prioritising will be carried out.

The other expected results are:

WP1:

a) Spill response information and communication tools; protocols; information flow; relevant information; record and reporting; communication procedures

b) Spill response crisis management and command

c) Places of refuge in crisis situations

d) OSR crisis management training, and use of simulators; legal aspects of waste management

WP2:

a) Vessels optimisation

b) Equipment optimisation

c) Robotics optimisation

d) Spill-control equipment onboard tankers

e) Propulsion aspects related to ships operating in seas contaminated with oil spillage

f) Dispersants for oil response

WP3:

a) Real-time oil-spill detection and tracking based on airborne and satellite remote sensing technologies

b) Real-time metrological data transfer (currents, winds, temperature, etc.)

c) Real-time tracking of vessels and oil-spill equipment

d) Real-time oil-spill modelling (trajectories, weathering properties, etc.)

e) Real-time computer-aided decision support tools and alert/emergency call systems

WP4:

a) Methodologies for the integrated assessment of environmental and socio-economic impact

b) Knowledge and current research on biodegradation of oil spills and bioremediation technologies

c) Clean-up and regeneration methodologies of affected areas

d) Places of refuge, risk and acceptance criteria plus socio-economic impact

e) Completeness of liability legislation

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