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Interconnection between Short and Long-Distance Transport Networks

State of the Art - Background

INTERCONNECT is concerned with the role of local and regional interconnections in the context of the growing importance of long-distance passenger journeys in Europe. Effective interconnection between individual legs is a necessary feature of a significant proportion of passenger journeys, particularly those journeys which contribute most to regional and national economies. Poor interconnectivity among different transport networks may compromise the objectives of integration of the TEN-T network investments and policy measures.


INTERCONNECT will examine the function of local, regional and intermodal transport interconnections where they form part of longer distance and interregional passenger journeys in Europe, in order to address the potential for greater economic efficiency and reduced environmental impact. Factors to be investigated include integration, co-operation and, where appropriate, competition in the provision of local connections across all transport modes.

Effective interconnection requires the provision of integrated networks and services which are attractive to potential users and this is likely to require co-operation among a range of transport authorities and service providers in the public and private sectors.

INTERCONNECT focuses, in particular, on those journeys that might benefit from more effective interconnections between different transport modes and services, and on those journeys where effective interconnection is currently hampered by institutional barriers, lack of investment or failure to innovate.

The project aims to identify the extent, impact and causes of poor interconnectivity, then to identify existing good practices and potential solutions, and to analyse these good-practice case studies using appropriate methods.

INTERCONNECT will show how local and regional transport interconnections could benefit from a more enlightened approach.

Description of Work

The first step is to define the problem and methodology to be employed in the project, including an analysis of the role that EU and national policies currently play in improving interconnectivity, as well as an assessment of the role these and other policies could play.

Next, the project will identify potential solutions from literature and a first set of case studies in order to define the mechanisms for improving interconnectivity between different network scales (local and regional) and between road, rail, maritime and air passenger modes of transport.

There will follow an in-depth analysis of these solutions through a second set of case studies to identify their benefits and possible barriers to their implementation. The results from these case studies, together with an assessment of the impact of improving local and modal interconnections at European level, will help define a ?tool kit? with a list of potential solutions for improving interconnectivity and a set of criteria for the applicability of specific solutions in particular situations.

The findings will be disseminated widely in order to promote the adoption of best practices identified.

Expected Results

The project outcome will focus on a number of recommendations, in particular:

- providing new or improved infrastructure or services, such as new multimodal interchange facilities, specialist distribution networks with local hubs, dedicated feeder services;

- removing barriers to effective competition, such as monopolistic ownership or franchising of infrastructure or services, market domination by established operators, barriers to the entry of new competitors;

- removing barriers to effective integration of public transport services, such as restrictions designed to avoid anti-competitive practices and which limit or forbid the joint planning or marketing of services or ticketing initiatives;

- encouraging the integration of services, for example by means of joint ticketing, integrated timetabling, sharing real-time information on service status, joint marketing of integrated services;

- removing barriers to consistent travel information across modes;

- harmonising infrastructure pricing policies to remove barriers to effective competition in the international travel market;

- removing restrictions on the inclusion, in appraisal frameworks, of the benefits of integration.

By demonstrating the application of appropriate analytical tools the project will advance the state of the art in this field of analysis.