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ECODISM
Ecological and Economical Development of Innovative Strategy and Process for Clean Maintenance, Dismantling and Further Recycling of Vehicle Parts

This project is about the eco-conception of automobiles by using adhesive joining technologies, which include active systems providing for further easy dismantling of bonded parts, at the end of a vehicle’s life or at a maintenance stage, and finding the technologies for activating these systems.

Tags: Road

Background

To achieve the objectives of the End of Life Vehicle directive (ELV), the automotive industry and its suppliers need to come together at the design stage of the next generation of vehicles, and develop innovative processes and methodologies that will be used for maintenance, dismantling and recycling of car elements.

Today, the automotive industry suffers from a lack of solutions that could combine cost-effectiveness, speed, low energy consumption and selectivity for maintenance with the dismantling and recycling of materials, such as plastic, composite, glazing, metals and aluminium parts, which are being used more and more.

Objectives

The objective of the ECODISM project is to provide ecologic and economic processes to the automotive industry to overcome these difficulties and improve its competitiveness. This will be done through the integration of active systems within adhesives that are expandable when exposing them to an external energy source. To develop processes for debonding operations, the partners will focus their efforts on:

  • specifications of a wide range of active systems, type, temperature sensitivity range and coating preventing degradation
  • a range and type of suitable energy sources, infrared, UV and electrical
  • the technological results of the experiments and the best options for each interface
  • a computer mathematical model identifying the most suitable microspheres with the trigger options to match the adhesive and materials to be bonded and debonded
  • a computer mathematical model identifying the most suitable active systems with the trigger options for the application of curing to match the adhesive and the materials to be bonded
  • processes and methods to use these materials for debonding operations during maintenance and dismantling operations.
  • The consortium gathers 12 partners from six EU countries and Switzerland, and includes three high-tech SMEs. The consortium is representative of the European automotive industry (carmakers, suppliers for glazing, plastic composites, etc.).

Description of work

There are nine work packages merged into four main themes:

Specifications:

  • Materials to bond (for example: glazing to painted metal sheet, composites to composites, glazing to plastics, aluminium to aluminium)
  • Geometry
  • Application methods of adhesives
  • Dismantling specifications, dismantling protocols and life cycle assessment (LCA)

Adhesives and active systems:

  • Integration of active systems within adhesive (thermo-expandable microspheres, blowing agents, etc.)
  • Formulation of adhesives

Assembly line compatibility:

  • Application of adhesives on concrete examples
  • Tests on application methods
  • Ensuring bonding durability
  • Ensuring the durability of the debonding capability
  • Full-scale tests

Energy sources – optimisation and modelling:

  • Selection of adapted activation sources (IR, UV, microwave, etc.)
  • Computer modelling of delivering method energy
  • Computer modelling of the debonding process

Results

The main achievements and deliverables are:

  • Specifications
  • First generation of adhesive active systems
  • Assembly methods
  • Computer model of the debonding process
  • Second generation of adhesive active systems
  • Final reports on bonding and debonding durability
  • Final Report on LCA
  • Dismantling protocol

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