Strategy and Goals
Why we need a transport strategy
The goal of making transport smarter, greener and more sustainable is extremely challenging and the longer it takes to get onto the right track, the more difficult it will be to achieve.
A more radical response from the research community is needed to adapt to paradigm shifts, the emergence of new disruptive technologies and changes in business, social and physical environments.
To this end, transport research and innovation strategies and vision, capable of responding to these new trends are crucial. Many different types of transport research will be required - from technology-driven research to trend-breach studies, issue-focused research, policy-evaluation studies and more.
The transport research and innovation strategy
The Strategic Transport Research and Innovation Agenda (STRIA) is the new transport research and innovation strategy to address the sector's challenges.
This strategy follows a holistic approach to deeply transform the transport sector. To this end, 7 relevant thematic areas have been identified:
- alternative fuels
- vehicle design & manufacturing
- connected and automated transport
- transport infrastructure
- network and traffic management systems
- smart transport and mobility services (incl. urban)
The strategy will span decades and implementing it will require the establishment of a governance structure involving EU institutions, Member States, local administrations and relevant stakeholders.
STRIA will also contribute to the 2011 Transport White Paper goals as well as the European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility adopted in June 2016.
Strategy goals of transport research and innovation
EU transport is 95% dependent on fossil fuels and accounts for 25% of EU greenhouse gas emissions.
To reduce EU greenhouse gas emissions from transport-related activities, there are the 2011 Transport White Paper's three key targets to be achieved by 2020 (so-called '20/20/20 targets'):
- 20% cut in greenhouse gas emissions;
- 20% of EU energy from renewables and;
- 20% improvement in energy efficiency.
These targets have been revised and set for 2030 (so called '40/27/27 targets')
- 40% cut in greenhouse gas emissions;
- at least a 27% share of renewable energy consumption
- at least 27% energy savings
Every year, there are more than 500,000 premature deaths from pollution in Europe. These deaths can be caused by particles, nitrogen oxides and ozone gas. The result is health and environmental damage worth billions of euro. In parallel, congestion is costing the EU 1% of its GDP every year.
To lower deaths as well as health and environmental damage, 60% of transport emissions should be reduced by 2050.
26,000 people die every year on European roads.
To reduce the number of people dying on European roads, fatalities should be halved by 2020 and reduced to zero by 2050.
- White Paper 2011 'Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area – Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system' (the 20/20/20 targets)
- The 10 Commission's priorities
- The Commission's Energy Union and Climate priority
- The 2030 Energy Strategy (the 40/27/27 targets)
- A European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility
- Transport Research and Innovation portal (TRIP)
- Related Horizon 2020 section: Smart, Green and Integrated transport
- COP21 Paris Agreement