In 2010, the volcanic ash from Iceland which shut down European airspace and repeatedly disrupted air and surface travel during the severe winter, showed how much we depend on mobility.
EU funding in 2010
€ 367.82 million
In the absence of functioning transport infrastructures, it is difficult to trade and to travel. However, the increased use of individual and mass transport raises problems, too. Transport is responsible for 25% of CO2 emissions and contributes to congestion, pollution and noise in urban areas. European research focuses on developing innovative transport systems that are greener, more efficient and smarter.
Research into both air and surface transport is continuous. One current focus is on eco-innovation in waterborne transport. Hydrodynamics and propulsion are being optimised and vessels are being refitted with green technologies. The first selected projects of the 'Ocean of Tomorrow' action in marine and maritime research address topics such as changing climatic conditions in the Arctic and human impact on marine life.