Among the key challenges identified in the Commission's policy papers on Europe 2020 and Energy 2020 are climate change and energy security. The European fusion research programme addresses both.
EU funding in 2010
€ 401.37 million
Harnessing nuclear fusion as a viable energy source is a long-term scientific and technological challenge of the highest order. In the words of Energy 2020, fusion is part of the vision for a low-carbon, resource-efficient and climate-resilient economy by 2050.
The European fusion programme is a joint effort by Euratom, EU Member States and Switzerland. The integrated European fusion programme provides an effective means to pool Member State resources and to disseminate the relevant knowledge and skills. This set of tools has helped Europe to take worldwide leadership in fusion research, in particular through JET (Joint European Torus), currently the world's largest and most successful fusion experiment.
The ITER project – set to be the largest fusion experimental facility in the world – aims to demonstrate the scientific and technological feasibility of fusion energy as a future source of heat and electricity.