Research and innovation rely on a highly qualified workforce. To enable it to tackle and provide solutions to today’s problems, Europe needs an abundant supply of highly trained researchers. It also needs to attract and sustain public and private investment in research and innovation to foster scientific excellence.
EU funding in 2009
The ‘People’ programme and its Marie Curie actions in FP7 contribute to upgrading researchers’ skills at all career stages, enabling them to improve their career prospects across the European Research Area in both the public and private sectors. The Marie Curie actions provide several different approaches to training researchers.
The initial training networks (ITNs) offer the majority of the thousands of training fellowships available annually. The ‘Industry–academia partnerships and pathways’ (IAPP) action is designed to open up and foster dynamic pathways between public research organisations and private enterprises, in particular SMEs, and traditional manufacturing industries.
Intra-European fellowships (IEFs) offer individual fellowships for experienced researchers in Europe, and reintegration grants provide support to (re) integrate researchers following a period of mobility.