Advances and new discoveries in science and technology are not confined to individual countries or the EU. Indeed, many major breakthroughs in science and technology are the result of worldwide cooperation.
EU funding in 2009
There is increasing competition to attract the best researchers and a need to share the most modern research infrastructures, making it necessary to forge international partnerships. This is particularly relevant given the emergence of China and India as important research centres, the rapid advances made by Brazil, and the re-emergence of Russia as an important cooperation partner. The international mobility of researchers is just as important as networking and cooperation among research institutes and universities. Sharing and using the knowledge gained will enable us to face the new global challenges of climate change, poverty, infectious diseases, security threats and dwindling supplies of energy, food and water.
The European Union is therefore fostering strategic cooperation worldwide through both bilateral science and technology agreements and the Seventh Framework Programme. In 2009, S&T cooperation agreements were signed with Japan and Jordan, the agreement with the USA was extended and another between the EU and China was renewed. So far, the EU has concluded bilateral S&T cooperation agreements with 17 countries.