Population ageing in Europe
Facts, implications and policies
Longevity is one of the biggest achievements of modern societies. In the last 20 years, people all over the world have, on average, gained 6 years of life expectancy. By 2020, a quarter of Europeans will be over 60 years of age. Combined with low birth rates, this will bring about significant changes to the structure of European society, which will impact on our economy, social security and health care systems, the labour market and many other spheres of our lives.
Research on ageing has and will continue to be a vital part of the EU’s framework programmes for research. This publication aims to address the question of how Europe is prepared for advanced population ageing. Can it face the challenges? Can it seize the opportunities?
Social innovation research in the European Union
Buzzword or Concept? Solution or Tool? Sustainable or Elusive?
Although social innovations pop up in many areas and policies and in many disguises, and social innovation is researched from a number of theoretical and methodological angles, the conditions under which social innovations develop, flourish and sustain and finally lead to societal change are not yet fully understood both in political and academic circles. However, in particular in the current times of social, political and economic crisis, social innovation has evoked many hopes and further triggered academic and political debates.
This policy review, written by Jane Jenson and Denis Harrisson, has produced a systematic overview of research findings of 17 comparative European projects in the area of social innovation. The review focusses on how these projects address social innovation in terms of theory, methodology, policy areas, actors and level of analysis with the aim of bringing the results to the attention of policy-makers, wider groups of stakeholders and the broader public in a comprehensive way.