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European Actors

European level | National level

National level

In Europe, Foresight activities emerged first at the national level.

Germany, France, the UK and the Netherlands have been undertaking a range of 'futures research' activities since the early 1990s. Austria, Ireland, Portugal and Sweden just finished Foresight exercises. Greece is initiating a Foresight exercise now. Denmark is also conducting regular sectoral Foresight exercises.