This overview was produced in the framework of the Network of Excellence
RAMSES², financed by the 6th Research Framework Programme of the European
Commission and extends some of its research work. Among the three principal
research orientations of the network: Memories, Conflicts, Trade/Exchanges,
this document takes only the most contemporary works into account, on
the horizons and issues at stake of the 21st century.
The main purpose of this paper is to meet the expectations of the European Commission based on the recommendations of the scientific experts who evaluated the work of the Network. It is intended for policy makers and underlines the salient questions as well as tries to clarify the debate related the Mediterranean policies, together with the Member States of the European Union and other European countries.