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Women and Science

Further Information on the data

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From this page you can download the statistics that have been used to calculate the indicators.

Although every effort has been made to ensure that these data conform to the international standards, some exceptions do occur. For example, a (d) has been put next to a country where the definitions vary for all the data presented. Otherwise individual data items have been flagged to indicate an anomaly or exception to the standard definitions.

Please ensure that you refer to the methodological notes and flags when you are drawing conclusions based on these data, in particular the countries with the smallest scientific populations.

  • All data are represented in Head Count (HC), unless otherwise stated
  • If data for the reference year (y) were not available, the year was selected following the rule: y+1 (i.e. the following year); y-1 (i.e. the preceding year); y+2; y-2 etc...


  • Researchers in the Business Enterprise Sector (BES)
    • Table 1. Total researchers in the BES, 1998 - 2002
    • Table 2. Researchers in the BES broken down by NACE categories, 2002
      The total number of researchers is not always equal to the sum of BES by NACE due to confidentiality

  • Academic staff
    • Table 3. Total academic staff, 1998 - 2002
    • Table 4. Academic staff by field of science, 1998 - 2002
    • Table 5. Academic staff by grade, 1998 - 2002
    • Table 6. Academic staff by field of science and grade, 2002

  • Funding applicants and beneficiaries
    • Table 7. Applicants and beneficiaries of funds, 2001-2002
    • Table 8. Applicants and beneficiaries of funds by fields of science, 2001-2002

  • Scientific Boards
    • Table 9. Members of scientific boards, 2001-2002
    • Table 10. Leaders of scientific boards, 2001-2002
Explanatory Note
Dictionary of Abbreviations
Methodological notes on researchers in the BES
Methodological notes on academic staff
Methodological notes on funding data
Methodological notes on boards