Table of contents

Special report

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    SPECIAL REPORT SCIENTIFIC COLLABORATION

    Forming independent islands

    On the nature of scientific collaboration according to physicist Robert Aymar, former director-general of ITER and of CERN.

    Cooperation with a human face

    More attention is given to the participation of small- and medium-sized enterprises in the Seventh Framework Programme. An overview of progress to date

    An unprecedented public-private partnership

    Facing the declining competitiveness of the European pharmaceutical industry, the “Innovative Medicine Initiative” aims to speed up the development of new remedies.

    ITER emerges from the Earth

    The most ambitious international scientific collaboration to date.

    A developing cooperation

    For the EU, socio-economic development of its southern partners also requires scientific collaboration.

    Together, we are more intelligent

    Science research means, first and foremost, cooperation. Proof from five European examples.


  • Ali Saïb, “You must be able to learn, unlearn and relearn.” © Christine Rugemer

    PORTRAIT

    Ali Saïb’s El Dorado

    Nothing about Ali Saïb’s university career was predestined. Born under a good star, or capable of profiting from opportunities to forge his own destiny.


  • Photograph by Claude Lévi-Strauss of a young girl from the Amerindian Caduveo tribe dressed in festive attire. This is the description in his 1955 memoir Tristes Tropiques: “Two styles are current among the women painters: abstraction and the decorative purpose are at the root of both. The one is angular and geometrical, the other free and curvilinear […] The curvilinear style is usually adopted for face-painting, geometry being reserved for the body; though at times each region may be adorned with a combination of the two. […] As a rule the subject and background are interchangeable, so that the design may be read in either of two ways: a positive and a negative.” © musée du quai branly/ photo Claude Lévi-Strauss

    Human sciences

    Modern-day ethnologists

    Anthropology is evolving and raising new issues. Explanations from Anne-Christine Taylor, head of the research and teaching department at the Quai Branly Museum.


  • One of a series of plasma balls on show at the Microcosme teaching and experimental exhibition put together by CERN and permanently open to the public in Geneva. © CERN

    Physics of plasmas

    On the edge of matter

    Spotlight on plasmas, this fourth state of matter that fascinates so many chemists and physicists.


  • Solid oxide fuel cells and test bench. Researchers have succeeded in lowering the operating temperature of these batteries by 100 °C. © CNRS Photothèque/François Jannin

    Transport

    Fuelling the cars of tomorrow

    The advent of electric cars is calling for a quantum leap in battery development. Is this a daydream?


  • Study of the effects of noise on sleep. Researchers study the brain and cardiovascular reactions of sleeping subjects exposed to train, aeroplane or traffic noise. They also analyse how these nocturnal disturbances impact on cognitive performance and mood the next day. Noise fragments sleep and causes vegetative reactions in the cardiovascular system which, in the long term, can place people at higher risk of heart attack. Experiment conducted at the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) in Strasbourg (FR). © CNRS Photothèque/Hubert Raguet

    Genetics

    Genes that keep us in bed

    Why is it humans spend one third of their lives sleeping? To answer this question, the experts hunt down sleep genes in the fruit fly.


  • Chronology of the work of the HADES (High-Activity Disposal Experiment Site) underground laboratory – based at Mol (BE), where the PRACLAY experiment will take place in 2010. Source: GIE EURIDICE

    Pollution

    Nuclear waste: an insoluble question?

    While several European countries relaunch their nuclear programmes, the question of waste remains. Maybe for a long time.


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    Health

    What’s to fear about mobile phones?

    Does mobile phone use promote cancer? We look at Interphone, the widest ranging study to date on this subject.


  • © Inserm/Institut Pasteur

    Image of science

    CHIK colours



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