the Life Sciences
In the Fourth Framework Programme, life science research
consisted of three specific programmes.
and Health (the BIOMED2 programme). This aimed to generate a better
understanding of the body's basic mechanism for maintaining health
and to address the social aspects of health care. It also sought to
provide a basis for completing the European internal market for health
services and for medical and pharmaceutical products. The total budget
for the programme was ECU 358 million, divided between: pharmaceuticals
(11%), biomedical technology and engineering (11%), brain (12%), diseases
with a socio-economic impact (42%), human genome (12%), public health
(10%), biomedical ethics (2%).
and Fisheries (the FAIR programme).
The objectives of this programme were to promote and harmonise research
in the European agricultural, horticultural, fisheries and aquaculture
industries. It had an overall budget of ECU 646.5 million and covered
the following thematic areas: integrated production and processing
chains (15%), scaling up and processing methodologies (7%), generic
science and advanced technologies for nutritious foods (16%), agriculture,
forestry and rural development (37%), fisheries and aquaculture (17%).
The remaining 8% of the budget was allocated to concerted measures,
such as thematic networks, in all programme areas.
(BIOTECH 2). Research priorities were to improve our basic knowledge
of living systems and to increase the exploitation of biotechnology
in the areas of agriculture, industry, health, nutrition and the environment,
whilst considering the ethical and socio-economic implications. With
a budget of ECU 595.5 million, BIOTECH 2 covered eight research areas:
cell factories (17%), genome analysis (13%), plant and animal biotechnology
(21%), cell communication in neurosciences (9%), immunology and immunotechnology
(11%), structural biology (14%), prenormative research, biodiversity
and social acceptance (10%) and infrastructures (5%).