IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE - The information on this site is subject to a disclaimer and a copyright notice
Banner Research
English
 
  European Commission   > Research > Key Action 5
 
index by sub-area 5.1.1. Sustainable agriculture/Plant Systems
index by country Austria
 

Novel tools for developing fusarium-resistant and toxin-free wheat for Europe *

Contract nr: QLRT-CT-2000-02044
Project type: RS (Research and Technological Development Project)
Starting date:
Duration: 48 months
Total cost: 2,677,030 EUR
EC Contribution: 2,042,129 EUR
Scientific Officer:
Research topic: 5.1.1. Sustainable agriculture/Plant Systems

Abstract:
Fusarium fungi infect the grain of wheat and produce dangerous mycotoxins. Improving plant health using the most advanced technology will solve this problem. We will develop new effective selection tools such as molecular markers for resistance genes and in-vitro selection strategies for resistant germplasm, thus accelerating resistance breeding. DNA markers for candidate resistance genes will be developed and we will characterise pathogenesis-related proteins that do not only inhibit fungal growth but also mycotoxin formation. The output of this research will lead to improved high-quality wheat cultivars for European farmers, thus supporting sustainable cereal production in Europe and strengthening the competitiveness of the European cereal industry in domestic and world markets. The results will lessen the risk of mycotoxin entering the feed and food chain, thus contributing significantly to a healthy diet for the consumers.

Objectives:
Fusarium fungi are an important problem in the whole cereal food and feed chain because they contaminate the grain with mycotoxins, which cause serious illness and immuno-repression in humans and animals. This mycotoxin problem is the result of events at the start of the chain, due to fungal infestation during crop growing, while the negative effects are found at the end of the chain, in food and feed products. We therefore aim to reduce the mycotoxin contamination in wheat at the start of the production chain by means of improved plant resistance, leading to the eradication of an important disease in wheat, Europe's most important crop plant. To improve plant resistance we will develop new, more efficient selection tools to speed up the breeding of resistant cultivars with a low risk of mycotoxin contamination.


Coordinator
Rudolf BRAUN
Ifa- Tulln, Institute for Agrobiotechnology, Department of Biotechnology in Plant Production
Tulln
AUSTRIA
Tel.: +43 227266280501
Fax: +43 227266280503
E-mail: braun@ifa-tulln.ac.at


Partners
  Kurt HJORTSHOLM
Sejet Planteforaedling I/S
Horsens
DENMARK
Tel.: +45 75682177
Fax: +45 75682104
E-mail: khj@sejet.com
  Johann BIRSCHITZKY
Saatzucht Donau Gmbh & Co Kg
Gross Enzersdorf
AUSTRIA
Tel.: +43 2215248130
Fax: +43 2215248139
E-mail: johann.birschitzky@saatzucht-donau.at
  Jens WEYEN
Saaten Union Resistenzlabor Gmbh
Leopoldshoehe
GERMANY
Tel.: +49 5208950492
Fax: +49 5208950494
E-mail: weyen@sulab.kunden.de
  Akos MESTERHÁZY
Cereal reseach non profit co., Division of wheat breeding
Szeged
HUNGARY
Tel.: +36 62435235
Fax: +36 62434163
E-mail: akos.mesterhazy@gk-szeged.hu
  Susan HEDIGAN
University College Dublin, Environmental Resource Management, Faculty of Agriculture
Dublin
IRELAND
Tel.: +353 17062154
Fax: +353 17062157
E-mail: Susan.Hedigan@ucd.ie
  Josef GLOESSL
Zentrum für Angewandte Genetik
Vienna
AUSTRIA
Tel.: +43 1360066351
Fax: +43 1360066392
E-mail: gloessl@edv2.boku.ac.at
  Mary ANDERSON
Cereals research department, John Innes Centre
Norwich
UNITED KINGDOM
Tel.: +44 1603450244
Fax: +44 1603450016
E-mail: mary.anderson@bbsrc.ac.uk