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  European Commission   > Research > Key Action 5
 
index by sub-area 5.1.1. Sustainable agriculture/Plant Systems
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Growth, vigour, environment - molecular breeding for plant growth and yield *

Contract nr: QLRT-CT-2000-01871
Project type: RS (Research and Technological Development Project)
Starting date:
Duration: 36 months
Total cost: 3,889,678 EUR
EC Contribution: 2,791,255 EUR
Scientific Officer:
Research topic: 5.1.1. Sustainable agriculture/Plant Systems

Abstract:
Plant growth and crop yield are determined by the interaction of genotype with the environment, but little is known about the genes which control and contribute to growth, vigour and yield under different environmental conditions. The completed genome sequence of the model plant Arabidopsis, combined with innovative functional genomics strategies and detailed analysis of growth of different genotypes under limiting conditions, will allow identification and functional analysis of genes controlling and contributing to growth and vigour and their interaction with the environment. Gene identification will use both unbiased approaches and targeted analysis of key signalling and hormone response pathways that link environmental sensing to growth control. The GVE project will provide a unique knowledge base for directed breeding programmes, and will be applied to delivery of agronomic improvements in rapeseed and rice.

Objectives:
The overall aims are to develop an integrated understanding of growth responses to the environment, and to identify master genes controlling plant vigour. These genes and pathways will be functionally manipulated and validated in the model plant, Arabidopsis, and two model crops rapeseed and rice.

Specific objectives:
1. Definitive methods of growth analysis under normal and limiting conditions will be developed, and used to assess the growth of different genotypes of Arabidopsis.
2. Analysis of gene expression, protein profiles, metabolites and hormone levels will identify genes involved in growth responses to environmental challenges.
3. Vigour related genes and pathways will be identified using a novel integrated approach.
4. Candidate master regulators of growth responses and vigour will be assessed in transgenic plants.
5. Identified genes and information will be assessed for application to breeding and/or transgenic strategies in rapeseed and rice.


Coordinator
Jane ROSS
School of Biological Sciences, Royal Holloway and Bedford New College, University of London
Egham
UNITED KINGDOM
Tel.: +44 1784443011
Fax: +44 1784475309
E-mail: j.ross@rhbnc.ac.uk


Partners
  Manfred W. MUELLER
VBC-Genomics Biioscience Research Gmbh
Utrecht
AUSTRIA
Tel.: +43 1427754651
Fax: +43 1427754651
E-mail: mueller@vbc-genomics.com
  Gisbert KLEY
Saatzuchtstation salzkotten-thuele
Salzkotten
GERMANY
Tel.: +49 2941296241
Fax: +49 2941296100
E-mail: kley@dsv-saaten.de
  Loic GAUME
INRA, Biochimie & physiologie moléculaire des plantes
Montpellier
FRANCE
Tel.: +33 4 99612200
Fax: +33 4 67632802
E-mail: Loic.Gaume@ensam.inra.fr
  Rudy DEKEYSER
Flanders interuniversity Institute for biotechnology
Gent
BELGIUM
Tel.: +32 92446611
Fax: +32 92446610
E-mail: rudy.dekeyser@vib.be
  Kathleen GRAY
University of Cambridge, Institute of biotechnology
Cambridge
UNITED KINGDOM
Tel.: +44 1223332265
Fax: +44 1223332988
E-mail: kg208@admin.cam.ac.uk
  Johan CARDOEN
Cropdesign n.v.
Zwijnaarde
BELGIUM
Tel.: +32 92415080
Fax: +32 92415081
E-mail: johan.cardoen@cropdesign.com
  Egon KRUECK
Max-Planck Institut für Zuechtengsforschung
Koeln
GERMANY
Tel.: +49 2215062510
Fax: +49 2215062513
E-mail: krueck@mpiz-koeln.mpg.de