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index by sub-area 5.4. Support for common policies (Common Agricultural/Fisheries Policy)
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Establishing traceability for cod (Gadus morhua): determining location of spawning and harvest *

Contract nr: QLRT-CT-2000-01697
Project type: RS (Research and Technological Development Project)
Starting date:
Duration: 36 months
Total cost: 2,436,517 EUR
EC Contribution: 1,683,606 EUR
Scientific Officer:
Research topic: 5.4. Support for common policies (Common Agricultural/Fisheries Policy)

Abstract:
Cod is one of the EU's most economically important fish species, yet as cod cannot be traced to their origin, problems arise with stock management and consumer safety. We will develop methods to establish traceability for cod, placing unknown cod at their location of spawning and harvest. Our objective are to differentiate between fish spawned in different basins, identify their harvest location including differentiating between wild-caught and farm-reared individuals, and place the results in a context of EU Common Fisheries Policy and law. Objectives will be achieved through the use of multiple tracing techniques (genetics, chemistry and molecular/physical markers) followed by multivariate statistics. Our technique will provide a high statistical probability for correctly classifying individual cod at their location of spawning and harvest. Our research will be patented, published, and presented to potential end-users at a dedicated forum.

Objectives:
Our project will develop the methodology to establish the origin of cod. We will first optimise techniques that can be used to determine the location of spawning and of harvesting individual cod during different times of the year. Next, we will test the permanence of spawning and harvest markers using transplantation experiments between countries. A double-blind experimental design will then be used on a collection of wild and farm-reared cod from the major EU basins to define the limits at which our techniques are useful for traceability. Finally, we will place our findings in a user-friendly format for potential end-users in the EU community (fisheries managers, seafood wholesalers, and others). This will involve synthesising our findings with EU Common Fisheries Policy and law, running a cost-benefit analysis, and presenting the results at a dedicated forum. Our methods could then be quickly transferred to other targeted species in EU waters.


Coordinator
Susan HEDIGAN
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, DUBLIN
Belfield
IRELAND
Tel.: +353 17062154
Fax: +353 17062157
E-mail: susan.hedigan@ucd.ie


Partners
  James FOX
THE UNIVERSITY OF LIVERPOOL
Liverpool
UNITED KINGDOM
Tel.: +44 1517942529
Fax: +44 1517942086
E-mail: J.F.Fox@liv.ac.uk
  Cecilia GREVBY
GOETEBORG UNIVERSITY
Fiskebäckskil
SWEDEN
Tel.: +46 317735346
Fax: +46 317734355
E-mail: cecilia.grevby@adm.gu.se
  Norbert HUBER
RUPRECHT-KARLS-UNIVERSITAET HEIDELBERG
Heidelberg
GERMANY
Tel.: +49 6221542157
Fax: +49 62215426118
E-mail: nhuber@sun1.zuv.uni-heidelberg.de
  Tony RICH
UNIVERSITY OF ESSEX
Colchester
UNITED KINGDOM
Tel.: +44 1206873000
Fax: +44 1206873894
E-mail: registrar@essex.ac.uk
  Johann SIGURJONSSON
THE MARINE RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF ICELAND
Reykjavik
ICELAND
Tel.: +354 5520240
Fax: +354 5623790
E-mail: johann@hafro.is
  Francisco TOMAS VERT
UNIVERSITAT DE VALENCIA
Paterna / Valencia
SPAIN
Tel.: +34 963864109
Fax: +34 963983021
E-mail: vicerec.investigacio@uv.es