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index by sub-area 5.1.1. Sustainable agriculture/Plant Systems
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Durable resistance management of the soil-borne quarantine nematode pests Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. fallax

Contract nr: QLK5-CT-1999-01462
Project type: RS (Research and Technological Development Project)
Starting date: 01-02-2000
Duration: 48 months
Total cost: 5,546,250 EUR
EC Contribution: 2,570,125 EUR
Scientific Officer: Massimo BURIONI
Research topic: 5.1.1. Sustainable agriculture/Plant Systems

Abstract:
As far as the worldwide problem of the use of toxic chemicals to control soil-borne pests is concerned, no adequate durable alternative exists for major European arable crops. The project aims to contribute to sustainable production systems by developing a durable resistance management strategy. The Q-organisms Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. fallax will be used as a model, as they are an economic threat. The objective will be achieved by integrating expertise in breeding, nematology, botany and molecular biology, novel by its European dimension. The work includes: identification and incorporation of resistance in important arable crops, study of the durability of the resistance, and optimising of production systems by rotation schemes. Main results are: resistant germplasm, characterised pathogen isolates, reliable selection methods/tools, knowledge on resistance stability, molecular markers, genetic maps, and advice on improved rotations.

Objectives:
The proposalís main objective is to combat a major European problem, namely the use of highly poisonous chemicals in the control of soil-borne pests. Therefore, tools and strategies for introduction and management of a durable plant resistance to soil-borne pests will be developed and disseminated, using the quarantine nematodes M. chitwoodi and M. fallax as a model. Tools will be developed for such a resistance management, by developing techniques and strategies to identify durable resistance genes in host plants and (a)virulence genes in M. chitwoodi and M. fallax. Investigating rotations of the susceptible potato with resistant plants of Italian rye grass and fodder radish will optimise sustainable production systems. The durable resistance will serve as an effective and environmentally sound control measure against the damaging effects of both nematodes. This will contribute to a sustainable agriculture and a healthy environment, because it will make the treatment of these soil-borne pests less dependent on poisonous chemicals.


Coordinator
Ben VOSMAN
Plant Research International B.V.
Wageningen
THE NETHERLANDS
Tel.: +31 317476980
Fax: +31 317418094
E-mail: b.vosman@plant.wag-ur.nl


Partners
  Baukje VRIESWIJK
Wageningen University
Wagenigen
THE NETHERLANDS
Tel.: +31 317482260
Fax: +31 317484292
E-mail: baukje.vrieswijk@alg.kb.wau.nl
  Albert LEFORT
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique
Le Rheu
FRANCE
Tel.: +33 2 99285301
Fax: +33 2 99285300
E-mail: albert.lefort@rennes.inra.fr
  Wlodzimierz KLUCINSKI
Szkola Glowna Gospodarstwa Wiejskiego
Warsaw
POLAND
Tel.: +48 22 8438588
Fax: +48 22 8438588
E-mail: rektor@alfa.sggw.waw.pl
  Roger KILLICK
The Scottish Crop Research Institute
Dundee
UNITED KINGDOM
Tel.: +44 1382 562731
Fax: +44 1382 562426
E-mail: apack@scri.sari.ac.uk
  Joke KLAP
Barenburg Holding BV
Wolfheze
THE NETHERLANDS
Tel.: +31 0264835100
Fax: +31 0264821812
E-mail: jk@barresearch.nl
  Michaela SCHLATHOLTER
P.H. Petersen Saatzucht Lundsgaard, Streihmuhlerst
Grundhof
GERMANY
Tel.: +49 4636 8944
Fax: +49 4636 8962
E-mail: Php.saat@t-online.de