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Recycling horticultural wastes to produce pathogen suppressant composts for sustainable vegetable crop production *

Contract nr: QLRT-CT-2000-01458
Project type: RS (Research and Technological Development Project)
Starting date:
Duration: 36 months
Total cost: 2,981,734 EUR
EC Contribution: 1,991,995 EUR
Scientific Officer:
Research topic: 5.1.1. Sustainable agriculture/Plant Systems

Abstract:
This project will research methods to recycle problem plant-based wastes through controlled composting into pest and pathogen-free composts which have a consistent value in suppressing soil-borne pathogens in organic and low-input vegetable production. The work aims to determine the mechanism of disease suppression and to enhance the efficacy of composts. The work will examine the plant growth and nutrition effects of using composted plant-based wastes in sustainable vegetable production and propagation. Controlled composting methods will be devised in the laboratory and in large-scale systems. The work of seven science groups (plant pathology and nutrition, compost science, metabolite chemistry, agronomy) and seven industrial partners (producers of vegetables and biocontrol agents and composters) will be integrated. Pathogen/crop/waste compost interactions specific to Northern and Southern Europe will be examined.

Objectives:
The objective of this project is to research methods to recycle plant-based wastes through controlled composting into pest and pathogen-free composts which have a value in suppressing soil-borne pathogens in sustainable vegetable production.

Specific objectives of the project are:
1) To produce composts which: are free of pests and pathogens; suppress soil-borne pathogens, reducing the need for chemical fungicides and soil sterilants; and have a soil conditioner/fertiliser or growing substrate value, reducing the need for inorganic fertilisers and peat;
2) Avoiding landfill through waste reduction and recycling;
3) To facilitate technology transfer through the industrial partners.


Coordinator
Patrick MARTIN
DEPT OF PATHOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY , HORTICULTURE RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL
Warwick
UNITED KINGDOM
Tel.: +44 1789470382
Fax: +44 1789470552
E-mail: patrick.martin@hri.ac.uk


Partners
  Israel SCHMIDT
IBOAA'S EXTENSION DEPARTMENT
Tel Aviv
ISRAEL
Tel.: +972 35610538
Fax: +972 35618633
E-mail: gadi@hishtil.com
  Robert OLDERSHAW
GOLDWOOD (MOULTON) LTD
Spalding, Lincolnshire
UNITED KINGDOM
Tel.: +44 1406370380
Fax: +44 1406371678
E-mail: r.oldershaw@oldershawgroup.co.uk
  Yaron SHAPIRA
SHACHAMS R&D DEPARTMENT
Givat Ada
ISRAEL
Tel.: +972 66389551
Fax: +972 66389556
E-mail: shacham1@netvision.net.il
  Gadi ELESAR
HISHTIL AFULA NURSERY LTD., R&D UNIT
Afula
ISRAEL
Tel.: +972 66527770
Fax: 95266527827
E-mail: gadi@hishtil.com
  Jesus T. PASTOR CIURANA
Food technology department
Orihuela
SPAIN
Tel.: +34 966658782
Fax: +34 966658666
E-mail: Otri@umh.es
  Eran VARDI
Faculty of agricultural, food and environment quality sciences, department of plant pathology and microbiology
Rehovot
ISRAEL
Tel.: +972 26586676
Fax: +972 25664740
E-mail: ruth@vms.huji.ac.il
  Yitzhak SPIEGEL
NEWE YA'AR RESEARCH CENTER
Ramat Yishay
ISRAEL
Tel.: +972 39683252
Fax: +972 39665327
E-mail: vpspigl@netvision.net.il
  Jim ROCHE
TEAGASC, Kinsealy research centre
Dublin
IRELAND
Tel.: +353 6376000
Fax: +353 6688023
E-mail: jroche@hq.teagasc.ie
  Peter LUETH
PROPHYTA BIOLOGISCHER PFLANZENSCHUTZ GMBH
Malchow/Poel
GERMANY
Tel.: +49 38425230
Fax: +49 384252323
E-mail: plueth@prophyta.com
  Lionel ROINEAU
Unité mixte de recherche BBCE IPM
Dijon
FRANCE
Tel.: +33 3 80693011
Fax: +33 3 80693200
E-mail: Roineau@dijon.inra.fr
  Athanasios MARGELIS
A.0 & A. Margelis
Asprohoma-Kalamata
GREECE
Tel.: +30 72222080
Fax: +30 72226156
E-mail: messabee@compulink.gr
  Dimitrios ASIMOMYTIS
GREEK MUSHROOM FARM
Tavros-Athens
GREECE
Tel.: +30 14831840
Fax: +30 14831478
E-mail: helmush@otenet.gr
  Spyridon VIZANTINOPOULOS
Institute of Kalamata - Olive and horticultural crops
Kalamata
GREECE
Tel.: +30 16840333
Fax: +30 16846700
E-mail: gendirector@nagref.gr