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Technical effeciency in EU fisheries: implications for monitoring and management through effort control

Contract nr: QLK5-CT-1999-01295
Project type: RS (Research and Technological Development Project)
Starting date: 01-01-2000
Duration: 36 months
Total cost: 1,127,342 EUR
EC Contribution: 965,216 EUR
Scientific Officer: Dominique LEVIEIL
Research topic: 5.4. Support for common policies (Common Agricultural/Fisheries Policy)

Abstract:
Effort control measurements in the EU are currently based largely on the reduction of capacity, measured in terms of days fished, engine power and gross tonnage. However, effort depends on factors other than the physical characteristics of the boat and the number of days fished. These factors manifest themselves as differences in the level of technical efficiency of the vessels. Understanding the extent to which technical efficiency varies in different fishing fleets has implications for the targeting and effectiveness of effort control programmes. Differences in apparent technical efficiency may be due, however, to misreporting of landings. Multi-output measures of technical efficiency will be derived and applied to a range of different fishing fleets. The possible effects of misreporting on these measures will be estimated and implications for monitoring and effort control measures derived.

Objectives:
The objective of the study is to determine the most appropriate methodology for estimating the level and distribution of efficiency and the potential output, given a set of efficiently used inputs in a number of EU fisheries. While methods currently exist, these methods may not be directly applicable to fisheries due to the multi-output nature of production and the level of uncertainty inherent in fisheries. In addition, fisheries data are often subject to problems of misreporting as a result of either discarding or illegal landings of catch. As a result, the output measure may be distorted. The effect of misreporting catches on the estimation of technical efficiency will be assessed using a hypothetical data set with known levels of misreporting. From this, it is expected that the extent of misreporting in EU fisheries may be estimated through the use of the multi-output measures.


Coordinator
Sean PASCOE
University of Portsmouth-Higher Education Corporation
Portsmouth
UNITED KINGDOM
Tel.: +44 23 9284 4242
Fax: +44 23 9284 4037
E-mail: sean.pascoe@port.ac.uk


Partners
  Terje VASSDAL
Norwegian College of Fishery Science-University of Tromsoe
Tromsoe
NORWAY
Tel.: +47 776 45558
Fax: +47 776 46021
E-mail: terje.vassdal@nfh.uit.no
  Ines HERRORO-CHACON
Modelizacion Economica y Matematica de Pesquerias
Huelva
SPAIN
Tel.: +34 959 284625
Fax: +34 959 257593
E-mail: iherroro@uhu.es
  Panagiotis FOUSEKIS
National Agricultural Research Foundation - Fisheries Research Institute
Karpenisi
GREECE
Tel.: +30 237 25046
Fax: +30 237 25046
E-mail: iaok@otenet.gr
  Niels VESTERGAARD
Department of Environmental and Business Economics
Esbjerg
DENMARK
Tel.: +45 6550 4181
Fax: +45 6550 1091
E-mail: nv@sam.sdu.dk
  Jesper Levring ANDERSEN
Danish Institute of Agricultural and Fisheries Economics
Valby (Copenhagen)
DENMARK
Tel.: +45 36 442080
Fax: +45 36 441110
E-mail: jla@sjfi.dk