IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE - The information on this site is subject to a disclaimer and a copyright notice
Banner Research
English
 
  European Commission   > Research > Key Action 5
 
index by sub-area 5.1.1. Sustainable agriculture/Plant Systems
index by country Germany
 

Threat to European maize production by invasive quarantine pest, Western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera): a new sustainable crop management approach

Contract nr: QLK5-CT-1999-01110
Project type: RS (Research and Technological Development Project)
Starting date: 01-02-2000
Duration: 36 months
Total cost: 1,594,010 EUR
EC Contribution: 1,116,036 EUR
Scientific Officer: Massimo BURIONI
Research topic: 5.1.1. Sustainable agriculture/Plant Systems

Abstract:
Key processes enabling the recently introduced quarantine maize pest, the Western Corn Rootworm (WCR) to invade central parts of Europe and possibilities to control this pest species will be examined by seven partners. Each of the partners offers expertise in crop management, plant-insect interactions, natural enemy evaluation, risk management and biotechnological control methods. The development of a practical approach for the management of this new insect pest species is urgent, because of continual invasion and its potential establishment in Italy confirms theories that WCR will threaten maize production areas in other EU member countries in central Europe in the immediate future. By combining work on the ecology of WCR with work on applied aspects of maize production we will be able to develop and establish a safe and environmentally friendly crop management practice adapted to specific maize production systems in Europe.

Objectives:
The overall objective of the research is to develop and incorporate sustainable, biologically based crop management practices for European maize production to maintain high yield maize production which require less input of chemical pesticides.
The specific objectives for a sustainable control of WCR are as follows:
- To characterise plant stimuli which trigger the host plant preferences and egg-laying behaviour of WCR;
- To test European corn varieties (non-gmo and gmo) and related non-cultivated plant species for their potential as food resources;
- To identify natural enemies in Europe and in the area of origin of Central America;
- To improve existing methods for monitoring WCR;
- To design crop rotation programmes for specific target areas in Europe;
- To improve mating disruption techniques to assist in the control of WCR;
- To model the potential economic consequences of different scenarios of invasion of the WCR into countries of the European Union; and
- To analyse the cost/benefits of containment strategies to prevent further spread of WCR.


Coordinator
Stefan VIDAL
Institut for Plant Pathology and Plant Protection-Section Agricultural Entomology
Goettingen
GERMANY
Tel.: +49 551 399744
Fax: +49 551 394187
E-mail: svidal@gwdg.de


Partners
  Vincenzo GIROLAMI
Institute of Agricultural Entomology
Legnaro
ITALY
Tel.: +39 049 8272808
Fax: +39 049 8272810
E-mail: ento@agripolis.unipd.it
  Hans HUMMEL
Institute for Plant Pathology and Applied Zoology
Giessen
GERMANY
Tel.: +49 641 9937602
Fax: +49 641 9937609
E-mail: Hans.E.Hummel@agrar.uni-giessen.de
  Harald BERGER
Federal Office and Research Centre of Agriculture-Division of Research Integration
Wien
AUSTRIA
Tel.: +43 1 732 16 2109
Fax: +43 1 732 16 2205
E-mail: harald.berger@relay.bfl.at
  Sylvie DERRIDJ
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique-Unité de Phytopharmacie et Médiateurs Chimiques
Versailles
FRANCE
Tel.: +33 1 30833457
Fax: +33 1 30833458
E-mail: derridj@versailles.inra.fr
  Ullrich KUHLMANN
CABI Bioscience
Delemont
SWITZERLAND
Tel.: +41 32 421 4882
Fax: +41 32 421 4871
E-mail: U.Kuhlmann@cabi-bioscience.ch
  Jozsef KISS
Department of Plant Protection
Goedoelloe
HUNGARY
Tel.: +36 28 410 200
Fax: +36 28 410 804
E-mail: jkiss@rkt.gau.hu